Pepys wrote his diary from 1660 for nine years. This was the same year Charles II was restored to the throne, and Pepys became the Clerk of the Acts to the Navy board. He was clerk to Downing when he commenced his diary on January 1st, 1660, and then lived in Axe Yard, close by King Street, Westminster, a place on the site of which was built Fludyer Street. This, too, was swept away for the Government offices in 1864-65. He lived here until July 1660, when he moved to Seething lane to the Navy Office opposite the Church of St Olave.
Now onto the pubs and taverns mentioned in Pepys diary.
I so far have discovered the
in Fenchurch street, better known in his diaries as Rawlinsons. The good news is
I have even found enough detail to add this to the pub history site, although it
is long gone, and in the parish of St Dionis Backchurch.
The Great fire of London destroyed massive sections of London, including 13,200 houses;
London was rebuilt by imposing a tax on coal imports to pay for the new build. New laws were brought into being which banned the usage of timber houses; i.e. a basic set of building regulations which imposed restrictions on heights of buildings, types of materilas used in rebuilding, street widths allowing for air to reach the ground areas, and a limit on no buildings within 40 feet of the Thames.
by Doctors common.  - "thence to the Anchor, by Doctor’s Commons, and there Dr. Williams and I did write a letter" 13th Septembet 1661. Doctord commons were originally in Paternoster row (just north of St Pauls) before the Great Fire, and later in Knightrider street when rebuilt.
King street, Westminster. [Tavern near west side, near south end, kept by William Wells (d 1663). 9 Hearths 1664. ] A Will Carter has a farthing token, #1596, at the Angel, King street.
“ Thence by appointment to the Angel in King Street, where Chetwind, Mr. Thomas, and Doling were at oysters, and beginning Lent this day with a fish dinner.”—Pepy’s Diary, March 7, 1659-60
Tower Hill. Angel Tavern, is at the lower end of Tower Hill. See the tokens #3201 & B1197 in the Beaufoy collection. Pepys refers to the Angel in the plague, as being shut up!
[Axe yard, Westminster, west side and kept by Elizabeth Drury, widow (1660-66), with 14 Hearths in 1665; she had 9 hearths in 1664 ] Axe yard in King street, Westminster, is now Fludyer Street, which stands on the site of Axe Yard, and derived its name from a great messuage or brewhouse on the west side of King Street, called “The Axe,” and referred to in a document of the 23rd of Henry VIII—B.
night going through bridge by water, my waterman told me how the mistress of the
Beare tavern, at the bridge-foot, did lately fling herself into the Thames, and
drowned herself; which did trouble me the more, when they tell me it was she
that did live at the White Horse tavern in Lumbard Streete, which was a most
beautiful woman, as most I have seen". - Pepys 21st February 1666-67
Bridge foot. - On the south end of the bridge, and kept by Abraham Browne, vintner, in 1667 (and Cornelius Cooke, vintner, in 1650). Pulled down in 1761 when houses on bridge demolished. Also see the tokens in the Beaufoy collection.
[Probably the Bear and Harrow, in Bear yard, off Butcher row. A continuation of the lane towards the Strand. ]
Fleet street. [near Salisbury court. Probably the Bear described as at Fleet Bridge; actually on south side of Fleet street and near Bride lane. 8 Hearths in 1664.]
The King street, Westminster. . In existence by 1400; demolished in about 1750. Listed in detail in the token #695 of the Beaufoy collection
The Strand. [Large Inn, known as the Bell, Maypole near St Mary le Strand. Kept by Thomas Lisle (1664). 26 Hearths in 1664.]
Holborn. Marked on Ogilbys map - 006-3. Black Swan Inn, Holborn, A81
"Bensons", Cheapside., at 3 Bread street, Cheapside
New Palace Yard, Westminster.
Cardinals Cap Alley. A token B1756 is listed which refers to the Cardinals Cap in Lombard street.
Between Nos. 77 and 78 [Lombard Street] is a passage leading into Cornhill.
Although the name of it is unknown, there is no doubt but that it is the
Cap Alley. By 1683, this tavern is called the Cock
by Exeter House, Strand; and also noted as by the Savoy.
In October 1661, there is a mention of China ale - "I to the Wardrobe to dinner, and there staid most of the afternoon very merry with the ladies. Then Captain Ferrers and I to the Theatre, and there came too late, so we staid and saw a bit of “Victoria,” which pleased me worse than it did the other day. So we staid not to see it out, but went out and drank a bottle or two of China ale, and so home ..."
The 17th January 1662-63 entry fro Pepys diary mentions "I took Creed by
coach and to the Duke’s playhouse, where we did see “The Five Hours”
entertainment again, ... Thence with him to the China alehouse, and there drank
a bottle or two, and so home, ..."
"Games", Aldgate . Also see the token #78 listed with the Beaufoy collection. from Baynes; and referencing John Game.
by Covent Garden - (reference Oxford Kate's), and also listed as at the corner of Suffolk street
Threadneedle street. Also, this is
listed as at Little Bartholomew and " the Cock eating-house behind the Royal
Exchange,". Several early tokens exists naming Robert Dawson and also Will
###. Cock, near Barnet hill, on the Great North road and a locality known as Underhill.
Cripplegate. Possibly on the east side of Whitecross street
Hercules Pillars Alley. An ordinary in alley south of Fleet street, kept by William King.
King street, "Wilkinsons".
New Palace Yard.
near Royal Exchange. To confuse matters, the Crown is listed under
Threadneedle street, being Thomas Blagrove named on the
# On the 21st July 1665, Pepys mentions a visit to the Custom House Tavern -
"So Colvill was the only man I could yet speak withal to get any money of. Met
with Mr. Povy, and I with him and dined at the Custom House Taverne, there to
talk of our Tangier business, and Stockedale and Hewet with us."
- in Temple Bar, Fleet street e.g.
TOKEN B3037 “ Wadlow the Vintner, at the Devil in
Fleet Street, did lead a fine company of soldiers, all young comely men in white
doublets.”—Pepys’ “ Diary,” April 22, 1661
- Westminster. This has at least eleven references in Pepys diary, and is listed as token #696 in King street, Westminster
The Tower street. Pepys records more than a dozen visits to
this house [In
Tower street] A token of 1650 exists (#3225)
Petty Cury - this is in Cambridge.
Old Fish street.
Cornhill. [Tavern in a passage off south side, just west of
Birchin lane. Cowpers court now marks the site. Kept by William Hinton, vintner
in 1660; and after the fire by Nicholas Colborne. It had 16 Hearths in 1664.] Also see the tokens #B724 listed with the
Beaufoy collection. from Baynes.
Covent Garden. Large Tavern, on west side of Bridges street (now Catherine street). It was kept by William Clifton, vintner & overseer for the poor in 1644. After his death, his widow, Martha took over the running of the house. It had 24 Hearths in 1664. Tokens B736 and B737 exist which notes William Clifton on their reverse side, one is a farthing, the other a penny.
In 1st December, 1660, Pepys notes that "Mr. Shepley and I went into London,
and calling upon Mr. Pinkney, the goldsmith, he took us to the tavern, and gave
us a pint of wine, and there fell into our company old Mr. Flower and another
gentleman; who tell us how a Scotch knight was killed basely the other day at
the Fleece in Covent Garden, where there had been a great many formerly killed.
So to Paul’s Churchyard, and there I took the little man at Mr. Kirton’s and Mr.
Shepley to Ringstead’s at the Star, and after a pint of wine I went home, my
brains somewhat troubled with so much wine, and after a letter or two by the
post I went to bed."
Old Bailey. [Tavern on west side of Little Old Bailey, kept by
Nathaniel Holhead and Thomas Manning, 17 Hearths, 1664 ]
King street, Westminster
Holborn conduit. Marked on
Ogilbys map - 006-6. George Inn, Holborn Bridg, A92
?? This shows it as a coaching inn on south side, by a yard named after it, and
about half-way between Holborn conduit and Holborn bridge.
Eastcheap. [Tavern, in Little Eastcheap. tracebale 1636 to 1663]
Fleet street. [Tavern on north side, just west of Shoe lane, and by
Peterborough court. It had 18 hearths in 1664. Burnt in the Fire of London, and
Charing Cross. [Tavern between the Chequer Inn at the south west corner of
St Martins lane and the Royal mews further west. The block now part of Trafalgar
Fleet street. [Tavern, probably on south side near to Salisbury
court. Burnt in the Fire. ]
Tower street - Pepys, January 18, 1660-1 : “ I took Mr. Holder to
the Greyhound, where he did advise me above all things, ....” [In
Strand. [Large Tavern on north side, opposite New Exchange and on
south west corner of Bedford street (later Half Moon street). Kepy in 1642-1662
by John Doe, vintner and churchwarden. In 1664 by Henry Henderson. There were 17
Hearths in 1664. ] See token #961 of the Half
Moon behind the Change
Rotherhithe [Riverside eating house half way between London
bridge and Deptford c 1660 to 1800. ]
near Charing Cross, Roberts's. 
King street, Westminster. [Tavern on east side immediately outside King
street gate of Whitehall Palace, and almost opposite Axe yard. Kept until 1638
by Henry Hayer, and next his widow (died 1669), and from 1664 by son James.
There are 13 Hearths in 1664. ]
in Salisbury court. There were 4 Hearths in 1664.
Old Palace yard, Westminster. Tavern by the south west end of
Old Palace yard, Westminster. Small eating house on the corner of St
Margarets lane, and fronting on New Palace yard.
south side of Fleet street at #27, near St Dunstans
Church. There were 5 Hearths in 1664 and 17 Hearths in 1666 when Edward Oldham
Fish street hill. Taverns stands back east side of Fish
street hill, just north of Thames street. After the Fire of London, it was
rebuilt and Fish street hill was widened, with an additional entry from here.
Kept by Richard Spire, who rebuilt it at a cost of £1200, with 13 Heraths in
Fleet street. On north side just outside parish of St Dunstan.
near Navy office
Charing Cross. ]
Bow. [Token issued by John Hanscombe in 1666]
Chancery Lane. [Tavern on east side almost at junction with Fleet
street, and connected to each by passages. Signboard is of Henry VIII. Kept by
Thomas Kent in 1660, after 1666 by William Marte, vintner. It had 20 Hearths in
Fish Street Hill. [Old Tavern on east side, north of Thames street,
and a back entrance into Pudding lane. Kept by Thomas or Robert Craddock. It had
14 Hearths in 1666. ]
near Royal Exchange.
Tower street. [Ordinary on south side of tracebale 1648 -
1666. Kept by Thomas Mills in 1666 with 10 Hearths. ]
"Mother Lams". On the 10th January 1659-60, Pepys in his diary,
describes as such. "Thence Jenings and I into London ... , and coming back drank
a pint of wine at the Star in Cheapside. So to Westminster, overtaking Captain
Okeshott in his silk cloak, whose sword got hold of many people in walking.
Thence to the Coffee-house, where were a great confluence of gentlemen; viz. Mr.
Harrington, Poultny, chairman, Gold, Dr. Petty; &c., where admirable discourse
till at night. Thence with Doling to Mother Lams, ..."
King street, Westminster.. Tavern or eating house, on the west side between
George yard and Boars Head yard; kept by Thomas Clerke
New Palace Yard. A Tavern, from 1654.Pepys mentions this Leg in his
Diary, on the April 6,
1661. A token B2052 also exists, of a Thomas
Cheapside. Tavern on north side, kept by Francis Prochin from 1659,
vintner. 10 hearths in 1664. Not rebuilt after Great Fire, probably absorbed
into the rebuilt Mercers Hall. Also see the token #311 in the
Fleet street.. Tavern on south side, near Mitre court, later made famous
by Dr Johnson. It had 16 hearths in 1664. Rebuilt after the Great Fire in 1666,
and ceased to be a tavern by 1788. No 30 Fleet street was demolished in 1829 for
the enlargement of Hoares Bank
Mitre Court, "Pagets".
The Fenchurch street.
- see Rawlinsons, i.e. Daniel Rawlinson
Wood street. Destroyed in the Great Fire. Also see the tokens #1309 in
"and by coach to Paul’s School, where I heard some good speeches of the boys
that were to be elected this year. Thence by and by with Mr. Pullen and Barnes
(a great Non-Conformist) with several others of my old acquaintance to the Nag’s
Head Taverne, and there did give them a bottle of sacke, and away again and I to
the School, ..." - Pepys 4th February 1663-64
Token B582 in Cheapside is for Humphrey Grosvenor, a horse's head farthing. Token B602 is for Mary Woodfall, specifically at the Nags Head, a farthing.
"and I to the office, where we sat all the forenoon doing several businesses, and at noon I to the ‘Change where Mr. Moore came to me, and by and by Tom Trice and my uncle Wight, and so we out to a taverne (the New Exchange taverne over against the ‘Change where I never was before .." - Pepys 17th November 1663
There is an actual token B2276 for the
Exchange Tavern, in the Poultry; describing
it as the Exchange tavern, right against the Stocks, betwixt the Poultry and
Fish street hill, [On west side, just above Upper Thames street, by
Old Swan lane. Kept by Gilbert Brandon, vintner, 1646-1662; then by Cornelius
Cage, vintner, then in 1665 by Benjamin Rushton, haberdasher. It was rebuilt
after the fire, with 14 Hearths in 1666. ] Pepys’ Diary, lists it on May 13,
1668. See Thames street
Fleet street. [Robert Penells Tavern in Fleet street, with 10
Hearths in 1666.]
Plough, Fleet street. - Pepys 29th February 1659 - 60
Chancery Lane. [Large Tavern, back from North side of Fleet street and west side of Chancery lane, by Bell yard. It has 22 Hearths in 1666. ] It is often described as in the Change by Pepys
Tokens #299 and #300 note this Popes Head, with Henry Redman being there after the fire, in 1666.
"After that I went forth about my own business to buy a pair of riding grey serge stockings and sword and belt and hose, and after that took Wotton and Brigden to the Pope’s Head Tavern in Chancery Lane, where Gilb. Holland and Shelston were, and we dined and drank a great deal of wine, and they paid all." - Pepys 22nd March 1659-60.
noon to the ‘Change, and from the ‘Change over with Alsopp and the others to the
Pope’s Head tavern, and there staid a quarter of an hour, .." Pepys 14th July
"That done I to the ‘Change, and among many other things, especially for getting of my Tangier money, I by appointment met Mr. Gawden, and he and I to the Pope’s Head Taverne, and there he did give me alone a very pretty dinner. " Pepys 8th December 1665
" Thence away to the Pope’s Head Taverne, and there met first with Captain Cocke, and dispatched my business with him to my content, he being ready to sign his bill of imprest of L2,000, and gives it me in part of his payment to me, which glads my heart." - Pepys 13th December 1665
"and so at noon I to London, but the ‘Change was done before I got thither, so I to the Pope’s Head Taverne, and there find Mr. Gawden and Captain Beckford and Nick Osborne going to dinner, and I dined with them and very exceeding merry we were .." Pepys 14th December 1665
"Thence back and took up my wife at the ‘Change, and so home. This day at noon I
went with my young gentlemen (thereby to get a little time while W. Hewer went
home to bid them get a dinner ready) to the Pope’s Head tavern, there to see the
fine painted room which Rogerson told me of, of his doing; but I do not like it
at all, though it be good for such a publick room." - Pepys 18th February
Popes Head Alley. [Large Tavern off of Lombard street, having an upper story and cellars. Kept between 1660 - 1674 by John Sawyer. Destroyed in Great Fire, moved to temporary premises in St Helens, before returning. It had 20 Hearths in 1664, and 25 Hearths in 1675. ]
Pepys visits here - "So with my Lord to the Pope’s Head Taverne in Lumbard Streete to dine by appointment with Captain Taylor, whither Sir W. Coventry come to us .." on the 26th March 1666.
On the 18th November 1666, Pepys states "At noon with Lord Bruncker to St. Ellen’s, where the master of the late Pope’s Head Taverne is now set up again, and there dined at Sir W. Warren’s cost, a very good dinner." - probably in St Helens?.
"From thence with Tom Doling and Boston and D. Vines (whom we met by the way)
to Price’s, and there we drank,.." Pepys 16th December 1660
Old Palace Yard.
"To White Hall, where my Lord and the principal officers met, and had a great discourse about raising of money for the Navy, which is in very sad condition, and money must be raised for it. Mr. Blackburne, Dr. Clerke, and I to the Quaker’s and dined there." - Pepys 31st July 1660
"Thence to Commissioners of Accounts and there examined, and so back to Westminster Hall, where all the talk of committing all to the Tower, and Creed and I to the Quaker’s, dined together" - Pepys 14th April 1668
"and thence to Westminster Hall, where all cry out that the House will be
severe with Pen; but do hope well concerning the buyers, that we shall have no
difficulty, which God grant! Here met Creed, and, about noon, he and I, and Sir
P. Neale to the Quaker’s, and there dined with a silly Executor of Bishop
Juxon’s, and cozen Roger Pepys. "- Pepys 15th April 1668
Aldersgate street. [Small coaching inn, on west side,
just north of Long lane, Barbican. Kept by Thomas Newberry, with 14 Hearths in
Barnet hill, on the Great North road and a locality
known as Underhill. One of the many coaching inns. Known as the Lower Red Lion,
and demolished in 2016!
"From thence at 2 to my Lord’s, where we took Mr. Sheply and Wm. Howe
to the Raindeer, and had some oysters .." - pepys 4th october 1660
King street, Westminster. There is a token B1602, in 1668 which possibly refers to this; and in 1663 described as about the middle of King street.
Pepys is here on the 30th July 1660, when he notes "To Westminster and among other things met with Mr. Moore, and took him and his friend, a bookseller of Paul’s Churchyard, to the Rhenish Winehouse, and drinking there ..".
"After dinner Sir W. Batten, Pen, and myself by coach to Westminster Hall, where we met Mr. Wayte the lawyer to the Treasurer, and so we went up to the Committee of Parliament, which are to consider of the debts of the Army and Navy, and did give in our account of the twenty-five ships. Col. Birch was very impertinent and troublesome. But at last we did agree to fit the accounts of our ships more perfectly for their view within a few days, that they might see what a trouble it is to do what they desire. From thence Sir Williams both going by water home, I took Mr. Wayte to the Rhenish winehouse, and drank with him and so parted." - Pepys here again on the 18th September 1660
"To my Lord’s, where after I had done talking with him Mr. Townsend, Rumball, Blackburn, Creed and Shepley and I to the Rhenish winehouse, and there I did give them two quarts of Wormwood wine, and so we broke up. So we parted, and I and Mr. Creed to Westminster Hall" - Pepys here on the 24th November 1660
Priors, Cannon Row, Westminster. There are two references in Pepys diary. Cannon row also appears to be named Channel row in 1750, then latterly Cannon row.
On the 3rd February 1659-60 we have "Thence with my cozen Roger Pepys, it being term time, we took him out of the Hall to Priors, the Rhenish wine-house, and there had a pint or two of wine and a dish of anchovies, and bespoke three or four dozen bottles of wine for him against his wedding."
[Roger Pepys, son of Talbot Pepys of Impington, a barrister of the Middle Temple, M.P. for Cambridge, 1661-78, and Recorder of that town, 1660-88. He married, for the third time, Parnell, daughter and heiress of John Duke, of Workingham, co. Suffolk, and this was the wedding.]
"To the Parish church in the morning, where a good sermon by Mr. Mills. After
dinner to my Lord’s, and from thence to the Abbey, where I met Spicer and D.
Vines and others of the old crew. So leaving my boy at the Abbey against I came
back, we went to Prior’s by the Hall back door, but there being no drink to be
had we went away, and so to the Crown in the Palace Yard" Pepys, on the 21st
October 1660 (Lords day, i.e. a Sunday, and clearly not serving then)
At the Steelyard. Pepys references this on the 2nd May
1665. "and by and by Sir W. Batten and my Lady and my wife and I by appointment
yesterday (my Lady Pen failed us, who ought to have been with us) to the Rhenish
winehouse at the Steelyard, and there eat a couple of lobsters and some prawns,
and pretty merry, especially to see us four together, while my wife and my Lady
did never intend ever to be together again after a year’s distance between one
On the 18th October 1661, we have Pepys mention that "At the office all the morning, and dined at home, and so to Paul’s Churchyard ... Hither I sent for Captain Ferrers to me, who comes with a friend of his, and they and I to the Theatre, and there saw “Argalus and Parthenia,” where a woman acted Parthenia, and came afterwards on the stage in men’s clothes, and had the best legs that ever I saw, and I was very well pleased with it. Thence to the Ringo alehouse, and thither sent for a belt-maker, and bought of him a handsome belt for second mourning, which cost me 24s., and is very neat."
Russell street, Covent Garden. [Tavern in Russell street on east corner of Bridges street (now Catherine street). It is adjacent to the theatre in Drury lane, kept by the Long family and had 19 Hearths in 1666. ] Token B740 notes that this was run by William Long until his death in 1666, and then by his widow Mary Long.
Search on 'the rose' gives 25 entries 'the Rose Tavern' gives 10.
On 26th February 1660, he mentions the Rose tavern three times. On the 15th July, he appears to be visiting that in Cambridge.
On the 7th November 1666 - "Thence to Westminster Hall, and, it being fast day, there was no shops open, but meeting with Doll Lane, did go with her to the Rose taverne, and there drank and played with her a good while."; and on the 2nd January 1666-67, we have "So down to the Hall and to the Rose Taverne, while Doll Lane come to me, and we did ‘biber a good deal de vino,..".
"and so took my coach, which waited, and away through Covent Garden, to set
down two gentlemen and a lady, who come thither to see also, and did make mighty
mirth in their talk of the folly of this religion. And so I stopped, having set
them down and drank some burnt wine at the Rose Tavern door, while the
constables come, and two or three Bellmen went by,. ." on the 24th December
On the 9th May 1668, we have "Thence I to the Rose Taverne in Covent Garden, and there sent for a pullet and dined all alone, being to meet Sir W. Pen, who by and by come .."
Lombard street. Pepys, on April 10, 1663, wrote that he ‘ to Royall Oake Taverne, in Lumbarde Streete ; William Smith issues a token in 1766 for the Royal Oak, with three Crowns.
Pauls Churchyard. Also see the tokens #2717 and 2718 in the Boynes and Beaufoy collection. 
Ogilbys map - 006-5. Sarazens Head Inn, Snow Hill, A93
Temple Bar. The Ship is noted in Temple
Bar by a token of 1649
Fish street Hill. A token exists of the Sun Tavern in 1657.
King street. A Will Carter has a farthing token, #1620, at the Sun Tavern, King street. The initials E F W are on this token.
“Meeting Dr. Gibbons, carried him to the Sun taverne, in King Street, and
there made him, and some friends of his, drink ; among others, Captain Silas
Taylor.”—Pepys’ Diary , August 3, 1668.
Threadneedle street. The Royal Exchange is between the southern side of Threadneedle street; and northern side of Cornhill.
A token #959 exists of the Sun Tavern, behind
the Exchange - initials NAC and Pepys similarly describes this Sun Tavern on
Swan, Leadenhall street.
New Palace Yard.
Old Fish street.
Tuttle street. - Tothill street
Poultry. The Three Cranes tavern, was destroyed in the fire of 1666, was rebuilt, and is noticed in 1698
.. An halfpenny token of George Twine exists
in 1665 for this Three Cranes.
Cheapside.. See The
Three Cranes, Thames
Cornhill. Also see the tokens #366 in the
at Charing Cross - this could be the
Pageant Tavern of which a token exists
Westminster. A token #1594 exists of the
Trumpet, King street, Westminster, with
initials T I C.
Lombard street. There is a White Horse Inn, in Lombard street mentioned in 1785 in the Chancery court of Vyner v Bowes.
"Thence with Sir. W. Batten and Lord Bruncker to the White Horse in Lumbard
Streete to dine with Captain Cocke, upon particular business of canvas to buy
for the King, and here by chance I saw the mistresse of the house I have heard
much of, and a very pretty woman she is indeed and her husband the simplest
looked fellow and old that ever I saw" - Pepys 8th March 1665-6
"This night going through bridge by water, my waterman told me how the mistress of the Beare tavern, at the bridge-foot, did lately fling herself into the Thames, and drowned herself; which did trouble me the more, when they tell me it was she that did live at the White Horse tavern in Lumbard Streete, which was a most beautiful woman, as most I have seen". - Pepys 21st February 1666-67
Old Palace Yard.