LONDON TRADERS, TAVERN, AND COFFEE-HOUSE TOKENS, CURRENT 1649-1672. :
Index of Tradesmens tokens.
B900 . Obverse. RICHARD . DIXON . LIVEING = R . D . M.
R. IN. EAGLE. STREET. 1671= HIS HALF PENY.
#421 THE BORES HEAD TAV[E]RNE Boar's head, in field.
Rev. IN GREAT EAST . CHEAP In the field, I. I. B.
" The Bore's Head neere London Stone," enumerated with other taverns in the rare tract entitled Newes from Bartholomew Fayre, is doubtless that which Shakespeare has so memorably described as the scene of Prince Hal's vagaries, and the drunken debaucheries of Sir John Falstaff and his more humble dependants, Bardolph, Pistol, and Doll Tearsheet. They are all flourishes of Shakespeare's poetical fancy, and have no other identity than as the creation of the inspired mind of England's dramatic bard. Eastcheap, in the days of Henry the Fourth, was noted as the arena of cooks' shops, and as such is eternized in the ballad of London Lackpenny*, written by John Lidgate, monk of Bury, who was certainly in the metropolis, and witnessed the triumphal entry of King Henry the Fifth into London, on St. Clement's day, 1415 : but the Boar's Head tavern had possibly no earlier origin than the reign of Queen Elizabeth ; when, in compliment to John de Vere, earl of Oxford and lord great chamberlain, who resided in almost regal magnificence at his house by London Stone, and died there in 1562, the boar's head might have originated in the blue boar being the cognizance of that nobleman.
Shakespeare, Burbage, Ben Jonson, and the bevy of geniuses of his day are said to have frequented the house, in their way over London bridge to the theatres
in South wark and the Bankside, or on their return ; and it became, by their means, a house of distinguished general resort ; certain it is, Shakespeare's immortal pen has conferred an imperishable notoriety upon the Boar's Head tavern in Eastcheap ; while there are one or two points that show the dramatist threw back to an anterior time the customs and practices of his own ; constituting an almost unpardonable anachronism.
Prior to 1543, vintners sold no other wines than red and white claret. The sweet, and all other wines, were till 1541, the thirty-third year of King Henry the Eighth, in use by the apothecaries only, for compounding of medicines. Among the sweet wines was the far-famed sack, that when first sold at taverns by licence, at the last-mentioned date, was rarely more than from sixpence to eightpence per quart, yet the charges in Dame Quickly's bill, demanded from the memorable Jack, the prince of debauchees, are to the following purport :
" Item, a capon, 2s. 2c?.
Item, sauce, 4c?.
Item, sack, two gallons, 5s. 8d.
Item, anchovies and sack after supper, 2s. 6d.
Item, bread, a half-penny!"
An unequivocal tavern bill of the Elizabethan period. Sack was not vendible in taverns, nor did it bear any such value per gallon, in King Henry the Fourth's reign. Query, did Shakespeare leave it to be inferred that Dame Quickly had a double nick in her chalk ? or was it to be implied that long credit, and but little chance of payment, might occasion the overcharge ? An explanation is possibly to be derived from the amount of wrongs Dame Quickly had received from Falstaff ' s excesses *. Shakespeare has recorded her exclamation before the lord chief justice, when she complains
" O my most worshipful lord, an please your grace, I am a poor widow of Eastcheap, and he is arrested at my suit.
Chief Justice. For what sum ?
Mrs. Quickly. It is more than for some, my lord ; it is for all, all I have ; he hath eaten me out of house and home, and hath put all my substance into that fat belly of his."
The tavern token of the Boar's Head is anterior to the fire of September, 1666, when the building was wholly destroyed, not a vestige remaining. The token is of extreme rarity, and is wanting in most cabinets.
* Stow's transcript of the ballad, in the London historian's autograph, will be
found in Harl. MS. 542. The verse referring to Eastcheap reads thus :
" Then I hied me into Estchepe :
One cried ribes of befe, and many a pie ;
Pewter potts they clatteryd on a heape,
Ther was harpe, pipe, and sawtry.
Yea by Cokke, Nay by Cokke, some began to cry,
Some sang of Jenken and Julian to get themselues mede ;
Full fayne I wold hade of that minstralsie,
But for lacke of money I cowld not spede."
The "sawtry," or psaltery, was an instrument of the harp kind. Another but
inferior version of Lidgate 's ballad is contained in Harl. MS. 367.
#422 IOHN SAPCOTT AT Ye BORES HED Boar's head, in field.
Rev. TAVERNE IN GREAT EASTCHEAP HIS ID I. E. S.
The Boar's Head tavern was rebuilt in 1668, after the fire; and above one of the first-floor windows, the sign of the Boar's Head, with I. T., and the above date, was placed. Possibly Sapcott then became the tenant, as tokens wholly ceased to circulate in 1672.
How long the Boar's Head maintained its distinction as a tavern the writer is unable to determine. In the churchyard of St. Michael, Crooked lane, was formerly a tablet " to the Memory of Robert Preston, late drawer at the Boar's Head tavern in Great East Cheap, who departed this life March 16th, A. D. 1730, aged twenty-seven years," followed by ten lines in commendatory verse, printed in the London Magazine for August 1733, which declare him to have been a paragon of excellence, and more than that, " He drew good wine, took care to fill his pots," and was moreover a pattern " in measure and attendance."
* Can he forget, who has read Goldsmith's nineteenth essay, his Reverie at the Boar's Head tavern in Eastcheap ? when, having confabulated with the landlord till long after " the watchman had gone twelve," and, suffused in the potency of his wine, a mutation in his ideas, of the person of the host into that of Dame Quickly, mistress of the tavern in the days of Sir John, is promptly effected, and the liquor they were drinking seemed shortly converted into sack and sugar. Mrs. Quickly 's recital of the history of herself and Doll Tearsheet, whose frailties in the flesh caused their being both sent to the house of correction, charged with having allowed the famed Boar's Head to become a low brothel ; her speedy departure to the world of spirits; and Falstaff's impertinencies as affecting Madame Proserpine, are followed by an enumeration of persons who had held tenancy of the house since her time. The last hostess of note was, according to Goldy's account, Jane Rouse, who having unfortunately quarrelled with one of her neighbours, a woman in high repute in the parish for sanctity, but as jealous as Chaucer's Wife of Bath, was by her accused of witchcraft, taken from her own bar, condemned, and executed accordingly! These were times, indeed, when women could not scold in safety. These and other prudential apophthegms on the part of Dame Quickly seem to have dissolved Goldsmith's stupor of ideality ; on his awaking, the landlord is really the landlord, and not the hostess of a former day, when " Falstaff was in fact an agreeable old fellow, forgetting age, and showing the way to be young at sixty-five. Age, care, wisdom, reflection, begone ! I give you to the winds. Let's have t'other bottle. Here's to the memory of Shakespeare, Falstaff, and all the merry men of Eastcheap."
Longford, the celebrated auctioneer, formerly of the great piazza, Covent Garden, announced for sale on May 28th, 1756, some leasehold messuages in St. Michael's, Crooked lane, " at the Boar's Head tavern in Cannon street."
Dr. Goldsmith appears to have written his Reverie in 1758, or early in the following year; but when John Carter drew and etched the Boar's Head tablet, for Pennant's Some Accownt of London, in 1790, the house had ceased several years before to be a temple of Bacchus.
The Boar's Head tavern, a large house, was subsequently divided into two tenements, and constituted numbers 2 and 3, Great Eastcheap. The freehold was early in June, 1831, purchased by the Corporation, for the London Bridge improvements, for 25631. 15s., and a further disbursement for unexpired lease and other claims, of 980Z. 5s., amounting in all to 3544Z. The house was immediately demolished. The stone sign of the Boar's Head, set up in 1668, and now in the museum attached to the Corporation library, Guildhall, immediately faced the house now number 65, King William street, a few feet westward of the statue of King William the Fourth, placed there in December 1844.
The large brass Boar's Head token is of considerable rarity, and in the previous edition of this volume is noticed at page 66, as being in the valuable and choice cabinet of Mr. John Huxtable, Albion road, Stoke Newington. At the suggestion of the writer, that specimen, with four or five other tokens, were liberally forwarded by him for this cabinet.
B1257. Obverse. Will . Curtis . at . the = A ship in full sail.
R. IN . GREAT . EASTCHIP = HIS HALFE PENEY.
B1258. Obverse. AT . THE . HARTS . HORNES = H . N.
R. in . great . eastcheapp = A pair of antlers. 1/4
B1260. Obverse. WILLIAM . TEW . AT . THE . IN = A Unicorn.
R. GREAT . EASTCHIP . MEALMAN = W . B . T. 1/2
#423 AT THE RED LYON A lion rampant, in the field.
Rev. LITTLE EASTCHEAP In the field, I. S. V. 1/4
B1728. Obverse. John . Beale . 1664 = A crown.
R. IN . LITTLE . EAST . CHEP = I . A . B. 1/4
B1729. Obverse. EMANVELL . GREEN . AT . YE . KINGS = HIS HALFE PENY. E . P . G.
R. HEAD . IN . LITTLE . EASTSHIP = A full-faced bust of Charles II. crowned.
B1730. Obverse. SAMUELL . HALLVM = A CROWN.
R. IN . LITTLE . EAST . CHEAP = S . A . H. 1/4
B1731. Obverse. AT . THE . GLOBE . IN = A globe.
R. LITTLE . EAST . CHEAPE = I . A . R. 1/4
B1732. Obverse. John . Rolston . at . ye = The Prince of Wales’s crest.
R. LITTLE . EASTCHEAP = I . A . R. 1/4
B1733. Obverse. rich . sessions . at . [the . AN]KER = An anchor.
R. IN . LIT . TLE . ESTCHEP . 1669 = HIS HALFE PENY. R . S . A.
#424 THE BULLS HEAD TAVERNE A bull's head, in the field.
Rev. IN ESTE SMITHFIELD In the field, I. A.W.
#425 WILLIAM SMITH IN A swan, with collar and chain.
Rev. EAST SMITHFIELD In the field, W. E. S.
#426 AT THE STAR TAVERN Star of six points, in the field.
Rev. IN EAST SMITHFIELD In the field, C. A. H.
#427 THE TALLO CHANLER Man dipping candles, in the field.
Rev. IN EST SMITHFIEELD In the field, W. A. T.
#428 AT THE 3 SVGAR LOVES Three sugar-loaves braced.
Rev. IN EAST SMITHFIELD In the field, R. A. C.
#429 ELIZABETH TICHBURN Man dipping candles, in the field.
Rev. IN EAST SMITHFIELD In the field, E. T.
#430 JEFERY LANGHAM MELE MAN, in the field.
Rev. IN EAST SMITH FIELD In the field, I. A. L.
#431 I. HUTTON : G. IERRARD Stick of candles within crescent.
Rev. IN EAST SMITHFIELD In the field, a wheatsheaf.
An instance of the practice, where two persons in different trades were jointly concerned in the issue of a farthing. Hutton appears to have been a chandler, or candle-maker, at the sign of the Half-moon ; Jerrard, a baker.
#432 THOMAS ROBERTS A stick of candles within crescent.
Rev. IN EAST SMITHFIELD Tallow-chandlers' arms.
#433 WALTER WILLFORD IN In the field, HIS HALFE PENY.
Rev. EAST SMITHFIELD. 1666 Tallow-chandlers' arms.
The Tallow-chandlers company obtained the grant of their arms, with the crest, in 1463.
#434 AT THE TWO DRAMEN Brewers, bearing a slung barrel.
Rev. IN EAST SMITHFIELD In the field, W. E. A.
#435 NATHANIELL BURBIDGE HIS HALFE PENY. 1666.
Rev. IN EAST SMITHFIELD In the field, a bale of wool.
The bale of wool is the heraldic charge on the arms of the company of Woolmen.
Elephant Stairs, see ROTHERHITHE, No. 956.
“Stoln or strayed on the 5 Instant, two Geldings. . . . Whoever shall give
notice of them to the Woolsack in Smithfield \ shall be rewarded.”—The
Intelligencer, , No. 53, July 10, 1665, p. 555.
B901 . Obverse. AT . THE . 2 . DRA . MEN = Twomen carrying a barrel
R. IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD = W . E . A . 1/4
B902 . Obverse. HUMPHREY . ALVEY . AT = The Coopers Arms
R. IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD = H . M . A . 1/4
B903 . Obverse. Edw : Avery . in . swan . ally = A sword and buckler.
R. IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD = HIS HALF PENY.
B904 . Obverse. Petter . Bennt . at . YE = An angel.
R. IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD = P . E . B . 1/4
B905 . Obverse. Richard . berry . in = A child’s cradle.
R. IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD = R . E . B . 1/4
B906 . Obverse. Richard . Brogstock = Seven Stars
R. IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD = R . G . B . 1/4
B909 . Obverse. ANDREAS . CASSTART . at . ye — A castle and three keys.
R . IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD. 70 = HIS HALF PENY.
B910 . Obverse. Edward . Chapman = The Brewers’ Arms.
R . IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD = E . M . C. 1/4
B911 . Obverse. LAWRANCE . CHILD . AT = A shepherd and his dog
R . IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD = L . E . C. 1/4
B912 . Obverse. RICHARD . CHILD . AT . YE . ROSE = A Tudor rose
R . IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD . 1669 = His half peny
B913 . Obverse. O . COPPING. I . NORTH . IN = A crescent moon and sugar loaf.
R . IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD . 1649 = The tallowchandlers Arms 1/4
It is but rarely that a token is found bearing the names of two issuers. For
other examples, vide Appendix.
B914 . Obverse. Tho : Creaven . in . PARRET = The sun in splendour.
R. ALLY . EAST . SMITHFEILD = T . M . C. 1/4
B915 . Obverse. THE . BULL . HEAD . TAVERNE = A bull’s head.
R. IN . EAST . SMITHFIELD = R . D. 1/4
B916 . Obverse. JOHN . DENNETT . IN = HIS HALF PENY.
R. EAST . SMITHFEILD = A bell.
B917 . Obverse. JOHN . DUNTON = HIS HALF PENY.
R. in . east . smithfeild *= A pair of shears crowned.
B918 . Obverse. John . Dvnton = A pair of shears and a crown.
R. IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD = I . A . D. 1/4
B919 . Obverse. at . the . old . princ = A prince’s head.
R. IN . EST . SMITHFEILD = A . M . E.
B920 . Obverse. at . the . suger . lofe = A sugar-loaf between two cloves.
R. IN . EAST . SMITH . FEILD = H . S . G. 1/4
B921 . Obverse. AT . THE . WHITE . HORSE = A horse.
R. IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD = T . A . G. 1/4
B922 . Obverse. NEXT . TO . THE . RED . LION = W . K . G.
R. B . H . IN . EST . SMITHFILD = W . K . G. 1/4
B924 . Obverse. AT . YE . GOVLDEN . DRUM = H . F . H.
R. IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD = A drum. 1/4
B925 . Obverse. at . the . bird . in . hand = A hand holding a bird.
R. IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD = M . E . H. 1/4
B926 . Obverse. at . the . black . bare = A bear with a chain.
R. IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD = R . E . H. 1/4
B927 . Obverse. HUGH . HERNE . IN = HIS HALF PENY.
R. EAST . SMITHFFEILD = A Woolpack (?).
B928 . Obverse. GEORGE . HICKES . IN = A Swan.
R. EAST . SMITHFEILD = G . R . H.
B930 . Obverse. John . Jellus . in - Seven stars.
R. EAST . SMITHFILD = I . G . I. 1/4
B931. A variety reads on the reverse E . Smithfi[eld] = I . G . I .
B932 . Obverse. JOHN . LANE . AT . THE = A Sun.
R. IN . EASTSMITHFEILD = I . I . L. 1/4
B934 . Obverse. Peter . Laurence (in three lines across the field).
R. IN . EASTSMITHFEILD = A key. 1/4
B935 . Obverse. Edw . Leader . in = A heart.
R. EAST . SMITHFIELD = E . M . L. 1/4
B936 . Obverse. at . the . yarne . shopp = A pair of scales.
R. IN . EAST . SMITHFIELD = R . E . M. 1/4
B937 . Obverse. at . the . horse . shooe = A horseshoe.
R. IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD = S . P . M. 1/4
B938 . Obverse. NEXT . DOR . TO . THE . RED . CROS = W . R . M.
R. IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD = W . R . M. 1/4
B939 . Obverse. Elen . Norrice . at . ye . cow . & = A cow and calf.
R. CALF . IN . EAST. SMITHFEILD = HER HALF PENY. 1669.
B940 . Obverse. the . new . queenes . head = Bust of a queen.
R. IN . EST . SMITHFIELD = G . A . P. 1/4
B941 . Obverse. next . the . maremaide = A mermaid.
R. IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD . 59 = 1 . M . P. 1/4
B942 . Obverse. AT . THE . WHIT . CROOS = A CROSS.
R. IN . EASTSMITHFEILD = R . E . P. 1/4
B943 . Obverse. dixy . page . at . ye . anchor . and = An anchor, and a sailor taking an observation.
R. MARRIN . IN . EAST . SMITHFIELD = HIS HALFE PENY. 1667.
B944 . Obverse. John . Rede . 1658 . in = Two brewers carrying a cask.
R. EAST . SMITHFEILD = I . K . R. 1/4
B946 . Obverse. Salathiell . Rolfe . at . ye = A shepherd and a dog.
R. IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD = HIS HALF PENY.
B948 . Obverse. HENRY . STILLEMAN = HIS HALF PENY.
R. in . East . Smithfeild = A swan on a coronet.
B949 . Obverse. at . the . old . prins = Bust of Prince Maurice (?).
R. IN . EST . SMITH . FEILD = R . M . T. 1/4
B951 . Obverse. RICHARD . THOMAS = HIS HALF PENY.
R. IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD = BROKER. 1/2
B953 . Obverse. Ye . bull . head . taverne = A bull’s head couped.
R. IN . EAST . SMITHFEILD = H . M . V. 1/4
B954 . Obverse. the . bull . head . taverne = A bull’s head couped.
R. IN . ESTE . SMITH . FEILD = I . A . W. 1/4
B955 . Obverse. AT . THE . LYNN . TOWNE = (Much worn).
R. IN . EST . SMITHFEILDE = I . E . W. 1/4
B956 . Obverse. John . Willcimot . in . = A Maltese cross.
R. EAST . SMITHFEILD = I . M . W. 1/4
Also see Threadneedle street, where there may
also be some replication
#436 The Coffee House in Exchang Alley, in four lines.
Rev. Morat Head of the sultan Morat, or Amurath.
The Coffee House in Exchang Alley, in four lines - Reverse Morat and a Head of the sultan Morat, or AmurathThe Kingdom's Intelligencer, a weekly paper, published by authority, in 1662, intimates this to be a " new coffee-house," and its distinguishing sign, " THE GREAT TURK." The advertisement states as follows :
B958 . Obverse. Tho . Browning . behind = Crowned bust of Henry VIII.
R. THE . EXCHANGE = T . S . B.
“ Lost or absented a little Negro Boy of about 13 years of age in a grey Livery with a black and pink Lace, and a small Cross in his forehead ; he speaks Spanish and English indifferently well, and has been seen much to frequent Fleet Street and the Strand; He that shall bring him or notice of him ... to Mr. Browning, at the King's head, behind the Old Exchange shall be well rewarded for his peins.”—The Newes, No. 96, December 8, 1664, p. 786.
B959 . Obverse. AT . THE . SUNN . TAVERN = The Sun.
R. BEHINDE . THE . EXCANGE = N . A . C.
This tavern was used as headquarters by Freemasons in the reign of Queen Anne.
“ After that, to the Sun behind the Exchange, where, meeting my uncle Wright by the way, took him thither.”—Pepys’ Diary, March 7, 1659-60.
“ I to the Sun behind the ’Change, to dinner to my Lord Bellasses.”— lb., February 4, 1664-5.
“ Strayed on the 16th of Octob. past, from Esham in Surrey, a light gray Gelding, about 14 hand high, and all his paces : Whoever shall give notice of him to
. . . the Sun Tavern , behind the Royall Exchange London shall be well rewarded for his peyns. ”—The Intelligencer, No. 87, November 7, 1664, p. 715.
B960 . Obverse. THOMAS . CORDEN . AT . YE . GRASHOPPER = A grasshopper.
R. BEHIND . Y E . ROYALL . EXCHAINGE = T . A . C.
“ One Daniel Gurling , of Brundish, in Suffolk, . . . being at the Exchange last week, was taken up by two Kid-nappers, who by easie persuasions went with them to the Grass-hopper behind the Change, where they agreed with him to goe for New England.”—The Alan in the Moon, No. 2, 1663, p. 11.
B961 . Obverse. at . the . halfe . moon = A crescent moon.
R. BEHIND . THE . CHANGE = T . I . H.
B963 . Obverse. the . Antwerp . tavern = View of Antwerp, with ships.
R. BEHIND . THE . EXCHANG = P . A . T.
There was a Freemason’s lodge here in the time of Queen Anne.
B964 . Obverse. at . the . Ship . tavern = A ship in full sail.
R. BEHIND . THE . EXCHANGE = C . W . Y.
“ All Gentleman Planters, and others, who desire to Transplant themselves to the Barbados , may speak with the Governour thereof upon the Exchange in Barbados
walk, betwixt Twelve and One; and from One till Three at the Ship-Tavern , behind the Exchange . . . where they shall be treated with Civility, and Reason.”
—The Intelligencer , No. 29, April 11, 1664, p. 236; and the Newes, No. 30, April 14, 1664, p. 245.
“ Lost or left in a Coach ... a Green Bag with Bonds and other Writings in it : If any one can give notice of the same ... to Mr. Ewster at the Ship over against the Old Exchange , he shall have a good reward.”—The Intelligencer, No. 101, December 26, 1664, p. 825.
B969 . Obverse. at . the . globe . coffee . house = A globe on a stand.
R. ON . THE . BACK . SIDE . OF . THE = ROYALL . EXCHENG.
“ There is a Parcel of Coffee-Berry to be put to publique sale upon Wednesday, the 23. Instant, a 6. a clock in the Evening at the Globe Coffee-house at the end of St. Bartholomew-Lane, over against the North Gate of the RoyalrExchange. . . . And if any desire to be further informed, they may repair to Mr. Brigg, Publique Notary at the said Globe Coffee-house.”—The Intelligencer , December 21, 1663, No. 17, p. 134.
“No Ships having the benefit of the present Peace with Algiers, but such as 1 carry with them a Pass from his Royal Highness the Duke of York. These give notice that the said Passes may be had at the Office of Mr. Brigge at the Globe, over against the North Entrance of the Royal Exchange .”—The Newes, No. 100, December 22, 1664, p. 816.
#442 HENRY FORMAN AT EXECVTION H. F. in a monogram.
Rev. DOCKE BREWHOVSE . 1668 In the field, HIS HALFE PENNY.
As ever I am appreciative of the archive.org site and google books for
showing old and non-copyright scripts which can be used for research (copied).