LONDON TRADERS, TAVERN, AND COFFEE-HOUSE TOKENS, CURRENT 1649-1672. :
Index of Tradesmens tokens.
B3074 Obverse. IN . TENTER . ALLY . IN = I . S . S.
R. littl . more . feilds = A pelican feeding its young.
#1132 AT THE WHITE BARE IN A bear passant, chained.
Rev. THEAMS STREET. GROCER In field, G. A. 1/4
The White Bear yet remains near London Bridge, in Upper Thames street.
#1133 AT THE WHITE LION A lion rampant, in the field.
Rev. NEIR LONDON BRIDGE In the field, T. A. c.
A tenement, with its appurtenances, called the White Lyon, in Thames street, was bequeathed in 1563, by Robert Carter, to the Fishmongers Company.
#1134 WILL: DOD. AT YE WHITE LYON Lion rampant, in the field.
Rev. WHARFE . THAMES STREET In the field, W. E. D.
The White Lion wharf, near London Bridge, in Upper Thames street, is still a place of considerable business.
#1135 AT THE BLEW ANCOR An anchor, in the field.
Rev. IN THEMES STREET In the field, M. P. M.
#1136 RICHARD EVANS AT THE OLD Tower in the distance.
Rev. SWAN IN THAMES STREET R. E. E. I?
The Old Swan has been a house for public entertainment time out of mind. Rose Wrytell, some time wife of William Fairstede, clerk, by wiU dated in 1323, 16 Edw. II., bequeathed " the tenement of olde tyme called the Swanne on the Hope, in Thames street," in the parish of St. Mary-at-hill, to maintain a priest at the altar of St. Edmund King and Martyr, " for her soul, and the souls of her husband, her father and mother." Rose Wrytell died in 1328, and the purposes of her bequest appear to have been established ; as in the parish books in 1499 is entered a disbursement of four pence, " for a cresset to Rose Wrytell's chantry."
The cresset was a brass socket for a candle : and the chantry ceased, with all others, in 1548, under the mandate of King Edward the Sixth.
Eleanor Cobham, duchess of Gloucester, accused in 1440 of witchcraft and high treason, was sentenced to perform public penance in three open places in London. Her first was from the Temple stairs to St. Paul's. On the second occasion, on Wednesday, NoAtember 15th, she landed at the Old Swan, bearing in her hand a wax taper of two pounds weight, her head covered with a kerchief, her feet bare, and scrolls detailing the enormity of her crime attached to her white dress ; she was there at noon-day received by the mayor, John Paddesley, goldsmith, and master of the royal mint in the Tower ; John Sutton, and John Wetenhall, the sheriffs, and the companies of London ; thence attended by them she proceeded through Bridge street and Gracechurch street to Leadenhall, and at Cree-church, near Aldgate, rendered the taper at the altar. On the following Friday she landed at Queenhithe, and with the same ceremony proceeded to St. Michael's church, Cornhill. She returned to Westminster by water, from the stairs at which she landed to perform this penance.
Stow, in 1598, mentions the Old Swan as a great brewhouse. Taylor the water poet, in an advertisement to his OdcomVs Complaint, printed 161 , 4to, intimated ' ( If there be any gentlemen, or others, desirous to be practitioners in the Barmoodo and Vtopian tongues, the professor being the authour hereof, dwelleth at the Old Swanne neere London Bridge, who will teach them that are willing to learne, with agility and facility."
In the Cavalier ballad of " Admiral Dean's Funeral," a scurrilous recital of the honours paid to the mutilated corpse of that brave man, in its passage by water from Greenwich to King Henry the Seventh's chapel, in June, 1653, it is said
" The Old Swan, as he passed by,
Said she would sing him a dirge, lye down and die :
Wilt thou sing to a bit of a body ? quoth I.
Which nobody can deny,"
The Old Swan tavern, with its landing-stairs and all other adjuncts, were wholly destroyed in the great fire. The token appears to have been issued by the occupant of the new building after that disastrous event. It is one of the rarest of the large size.
“ So thence, after Council, having drunk some of the King’s wine and water with Mr. Chiffinch, my Lord Brouncker, and some others, I by water to the Old Swan.”—Pepys’ “Diary,” May 13, 1668. Pepys also records about a dozen other visits to this house.
B3092 Obverse. Richard . Evans . at . the . old = A view of London, near the
R. SWAN . IN . THAMES . STREET = R . E . E. 1D .
BB3093 Obverse. RICHARD . EVANS . AT . YE . OVLD = A Swan.
R. IN . THAMES . STREETE . 1668 = HIS HALFE PENY. R . S . E. br>
##1137 AT THE BULL HEAD In the field, a bull's head.
Rev. IN THEMS STRETE The sun in rays, w. K. H. br>
#1138 THE NAGGS HEAD TAVERN Nag's head, bridled, in field.
Rev. IN THAMES STREETE In the field, T. E. B.
#1139 AT THE PRINCES ARMES Plume and P.C., in the field.
RRev. IN THEMES STREETE In the field, I. E. W.
The sign appears to have been set up in compliment to Prince Charles, afterwards King Charles the Second.
#1140 AT THE FLING HORS A Pegasus, in the field. br> Rev. IN THEMS STREETE In the field, T. A. E.
Simplicius, in Randolph's Aristippus, while renouncing in future malt liquor, says " in poetry, the sole predominant quality, the sap and juice of a verse, yea, the spring of the muses, is the fountain of sack ; for to think Helicon a barrel of beer is as great a sin as to call Pegasus a brewer's horse."
#1141 THE LION AND KEY IN Lion rampant, key in paw.
Rev. THEMES STREET. 1651 In the field, F. E. R.
The Lion and Key is a pictorial pun on Lyon's Quay, one of the twenty quays established in 1558, in Lower Thames street, from London Bridge to the western extremity of the Tower ditch. Colonel Okey the regicide was a chandler at this quay. Wood's Fasti, p. 78.
The sign of the Lion and Key remains.
#1142 AT THE BLACK BELL A bell, in the field.
Rev. IN THEMS STREETE In the field, P. N. NVCE . 1652.
#1143 JOHN CLARKE WOODMONG Woodrnongers'' arms, in field.
RRev. IN THEMES STREETE In the field, I. A. C.
#1144 AT THE CROSE BVLETS Crossed bar-shot, in the field. br> RRev. IN THAMES STREETE In the field, B. E. W.
#1145 RICHARD SPIRE R. I. S., in field. Rev. IN THAMES
STREETE The above initials repeated. br>
#1146 AT THE SVGGAR LOFE 111 the field, A. E. K.
Rev. IN THEAMES STREET A sugar -loaf, in the field.
#1147 WILL: FIELD AT THE [a lobster, in field] IN THAMES
Rev. STREET NEERE QVEEN HITH . LON W. S. F.
The word " London" was evidently intended on the reverse.
#1148 WILLIAM MASLIN . 1663 Bear and ragged staff.
Rev. IN THAMES STREETE In field, HIS HALF PENY.
The bear and ragged staff is the crest of the earls of Warwick ; but a merry exponent of such enigmas, on whom no fear of the penalties from a court of chivalry has effect, asserts with little respect to the dignity of the tabard, that the device and sign is simply " the pig and whistle." The latter phrase is a derisive perversion of " pix und ousel."
#1149 THOMAS ELKIN AT THE Two fighting-cocks, in field.
Rev. IN THAMES STREET. 1667 HIS HALF PENY. T. E. E.
The characteristics of the signs at this period and in the seventeenth century, prior to their general suppression in 1764, are pointedly described in the remonstrances of the Craftsman, June 17th, 1738, aimed at the pusillanimous measures of the government at that time ; the desire being expressed, that by changing the ferocity of the subjects the temper of the people might become more ductile and governable. He adds, " it may be dangerous to attempt at once to subdue this untoward disposition, for education and custom are a second nature, and therefore, as signs hang out constantly to the view of the people of all ranks and ages, those of courage and fierceness serve only to stimulate and excite which ought for that reason to be exchanged for others more lenitive and mollifying. As for instance, no lyon should be drawn rampant, but couchant ; and none of his teeth ought to be seen without this inscription, ' Tho' he shows his teeth, he won't bite.' All bucks, bulls, rams, stags, unicorns, and all other warlike animals, ought to be drawn without horns. Let no general be drawn in armour ; and instead of truncheons, let them have muster-rolls in their hands. In like manner, I would have all admirals painted in a frock and jockey-cap, like landed gentlemen. The common sign of the Two Fighting Cocks might be better changed to a Cock and Hen ; and that of the Valiant Trooper to an Hog in Armour, or a Goat in Jack -boots, as some Hampshire and "Welch publicans have done already, for the honour of their respective countries."
#1150 ROBERT BAYNES AT THE HIS HALFE PENY. R. S. B.
Rev. IN THAMES STREET. 1668 A boar, and three horse-shoes.
The sign, the Blue Boar and Horse-shoes.
#1151 ROGER BAYNES . GOLDEN A horse-shoe, crescentwise.
RRev. IN THAMES STREET In the field, R. I. B.
#1152 Edward Jones over against the Custome House in Thames street.
Rev. HIS HALFE PENNY. 1668 The royal arms on shield. br>
Evelyn mentions, in his Diary, September 22d, 1671, on his returning home to Deptford, " I went on shore to see the Costome house, now newly rebuilt since the dreadful conflagration." The building here noticed was destroyed by fire in February, 1814.
The Royal Arms is a sign still maintained by the Custom-house.
#1153 AT THE CROWN AGINST A crown, in the field.
RRev. BARKIN CHVRCH In the field, W. M. S.
B3076 Obverse. at . the . 3 . Goats . Head = Three goats’ heads erased.
R. IN . THAMS . STREET = A dog, and H . A. 1/4
B3077 Obverse. at . the . Shuger . Lofe = The Grocers’ Arms.
R. IN . THAMES . STREETE = G . K . B. 1/4
B3078 Obverse. at . the . Adam . and . Eve = The Fruiterers’ Arms. br> RR. IN . THAMES . STREETE = I . S . B. 1/4
B3079 Obverse. THE . NAGGS . HEAD . TAVERNE = A nag’s head. br> RR. IN . THAMES . STREETE = T . E . B. 1/4
B3082 Obverse. SWAN . ALLY . AT . YE . FOOT . OF . GAR = JAMES BEECH IN.
R. LICK . HILL. IN . THAMS . STREET = HIS HALFE PENNY. 1666.br>
Beech, a taverner, burned out from Swan Alley in the Great Fire, re-established at the Grapes, in Bow Street, Westminster. See No. 389.—[B.]
B3083 Obverse. Edward . Blake . in = Fortress or ship with men.
RR. THAMES . STREETE = E . H . B. 1/4
B3084 Obverse. Richard . Browne . three = Three queens crowned, holding sceptres. br> R. QUEENES . THAMES . STREET = R . R . B. 1659.
B3085 Obverse. BENJAMIN . CLARKE. NEARE = HIS HALFE PENY.
R. Ye . OLD . SWAN . IN . THAMES . STREET = A plough.
B3086 Obverse. John . clarke . woodmong = The Woodmongers’ Arms.
R. IN . THEMES . STREETE = I . A . C.
B3087 Obverse. will . dod . at . ye . white . lyon = A lion rampant.
R. WHARFE . THAMES . STREET = W . E . D.
B3088 Obverse. AT . THE . STAR . IN = A Star.
RR. THAMES . STREETE = A . E. 1/4
B3089 Obverse. AT . THE . SUGGAR . LOFE = A . E . E. br> RR. IN . THEMES . STREETE = A Sugar-loaf. 1/4
B3090 Obverse. at . the . fling . hors = A winged horse. br> R. IN . THDMS . STREETE = T . A . E.
B3091 Obverse. Thomas . Elkin . at . the = A cock and hen.
RR. IN . THAMES . STREET . 1667 = HIS HALF PENY. T . E . E.
B3094 Obverse. Joh . Ewer . tha . street = A King’s head.
R. AGAINST . WICKEN . KEY = I . E. 1658. 1/4
B3095 Obverse. WILL . FIELD . AT . THE . IN . THAMES = A lobster. br> RR . STREET . NEERE . QUEEN . HITH . LON = W . S . F. 1/2
B3096 Obverse. at . to . obaco . rowles = Two rolls of tobacco.
RR. IN . THEAMES . STREET = M . M . G. 1/4
B3097 Obverse. at . the . alfe . moon = A crescent moon.
RR. AT . RAPHS . KEY . THAM . STR = T . I . H. 1/4
B3098 Obverse. at . Bull . Head = A bull’s head. br> RR. in . Thems . STRETE = The sun and a hand, W . K . H. 1/4
B3099 Obverse. John . ardie . at . the . in = A bunch of grapes in a hoop.
R. THAMES . STREET . BY . DOV . COR = HIS HALFE PENNY. 1668.
B3100 Obverse. James . Hawkins . at=A lion rampant, and a key.
RR. LYON . KEY . IN . THEMSTRET = I . W . H. 1/4
B3101 Obverse. John . Heming . in = A greyhound. br> RR. THEAMS . STREET = I . R . H. 1/4
B3102 Obverse. JOHN . HINDE . IN . THAMES . STREET = A heatsheaf.
R. BAKER . NEAR . QVEENE . HITH . GATE = HIS HALFE PENNY. 1668.
BB3103 Obverse. at . the . lion . in = A lion rampant.
R. THAMES . STREETE = F . S . I. 1/4
B3104 Obverse. 10 . Johnson . in . rickhill = A vixen.
RR. LANE . IN . THAMES . STREET = HIS HALF PENY. 1669.
B3106 Obverse. JOHN . JONES . AT . DIERS . HAL = A bull.
R . IN . THAMES . STREET . l666 = HIS HALF PENY.br>
B3107 Obverse. AT . THE . SVGGAR . LOFE = A . B . K.
RR . in . theames . street = A sugar-loaf. 1/4
B3109 Obverse. William . Maslin . 1663 = A bear with a staff.
R . IN . THAMES . STREETE = HIS HALF PENY. br>
B3110 Obverse. Humphrey . Midellmor . ag st = Shield of Royal Arms between the figures 6 and 8
RR. TRIGSTAIRES . THAME . STREET = HIS HALFE PENY. H . E . M.
B3111 Obverse. HENRY . MORTON . AT . Y E = Crossed SWORDS.
R. IN . THEMBS . STREET = H . V . M. br>
B3112 Obverse. AT . THE . IN . THAMES . STREET = A horse-shoe.
RR. NERE . THE . OLD . SWAN . GROSER = P . N. 1/4
B3113 Obverse. ROBERT . NORIS . IN = A glove. br> RR. TEAMS . STREET . GLOVER = R . M . N. 1/4
B3114 Obverse. AT . THE . BLACK . BELL = A bell. br> RR. IN . THEMS . STREETE = P . N . NVCE. 1652. 1/4
B3115 Obverse. EDWARD . OAKES . AT . BENETS = A windmill. br> RR. CASTLE . THAMES . STREET = E . G . O. 1/4
B3116 Obverse. Rowland . Owen . Thames = Three kings, robed. br> RR. STREET . HIS . HALFE . PENNY = R . A . O.
B3117 Obverse. Stephen . hipps . at . the = Two swords crossed.
R . IN . THAMES . STREETE. 59 = HIS HALFE PENNY TOKEN.
BB3118 Obverse. the . Lyon . and . Key . in = A lion rampant holding a key.
R . THEMES . STREETE . 1651 = F . E . R. 1/4
The Lion and Key is a pictorial pun on Lyon’s Quay, one of the twenty quays established in 1558, in Lower Thames Street, from London Bridge to the western extremity of the Tower Ditch. Colonel Okey, the regicide, was a chandler at this quay. Wood’s “ Fasti,” p. 78.—[B.]
B3119 Obverse. the . Queens . Head . IN = Bust of Queen Elizabeth.
THAMES . STREET . 1657 = S . D . S. 1/4
B3120 Obverse. Rob . Selman . kings = A King, crowned and holding orb and sceptre. br> RR. HEAD . THAMES . STREET = R . M . S. 1/4
B3121 Obverse. RICH . SEWELL . AT . THE = A ship. br> RR. PINKE . IN . THEMES . STREET = R . S . S. 1/4
B3122 Obverse. richard . spire = R . I . S (in a garter).
R. IN . THAMES . STREETE = R . I . S. 1/4
B3123 Obverse. illiam . steere = Seven stars.
RR. IN . THAMES . STREET = W . K . S. 1/4
B3124 Obverse. OBADIAH . SURRIDGE . IN . ANGELL = An angel. br> RR. ALLY . IN . THAMES . STREET . l668 = HIS HALFE PENY. O . A . S. 1/4
B3125 Obverse. at . the . red . yon . in = A lion passant gardant, crowned.
RR. THE . OLD . SWAN . IN . TH . ST = W . E . T. 1/4
B3126 Obverse. at . the . rose . bvlets = Two bar-shot crossed.
RR. IN . THAMES . STREETE = B . E . W. 1/4
B3127 Obverse. at . the . princes . arms = The Prince of Wales’s crest between C . P. br> RR. IN . THEMES . STREETE = I . E . W. 1/4
B3128 Obverse. JOHN . WICKES . BAKER = I . M . W. br> RR. THAMES . STREETE = FRYER LANE. 1/4
B3129 Obverse. at . the . Black . Swan = A swan with a chain on its neck. br> RR. IN . THEMES . STREETE = R . M . W. 1/4
B3130 Obverse. Sarah . Wood . at . the = Male bust, with cap on head ; and a wheatsheaf.
R. IN . THAMES . STREETE . 1669 = HER HALF PENY. S . W. 1/2
B3131 Obverse. Joseph . Worwood . 1669 = A helmet.
R. IN . THAMES . STREET = HIS HALF PENY. br>
B3132 Obverse. WILL . YEELES . AT . GOLDEN = A ball.
R. BALL . IN . THAMES . STREET = W . Y.
#1154 JOHN BROWNE AT THE A griffin, in the field. r>
Rev. GRIFIN IN THIFING LANE In the field, I. A. B. 1/4
The griffin, an animal of heraldic creation, descended as a badge from the Ormonds to the Bullen family, and was the sinister supporter of the arms of Queen Anna Boleyn. See Note preceding No. 221.
#1155 JOHN POND IN In field, 1659.
Rev. THOMASES SOVTHWARK I. M. P., in the field.
#1156 IAMES PARRY IN S T Lion rampant, in the field.
Rev. THOMASES IN SOUTHWARK HIS HALFE PENY. 1667.
B2734. Obverse. at . the . george . m = St. George and the Dragon.
R. THOMAS . APOSTLE . l649 = W . A . B.
B2735. Obverse. JOHN . MATHEW . YE . BACKSIDE = A SUgar-loaf.
R. OF . ST . THOMAS . APOSTLEIS = HIS HALFE PENY. 1669.
B2736. Obverse. in . the . back . side . OF = Bust of a priest.
R. ST . THO : APOSTLES H . M . R.
B2737. Obverse. . george . spencer . BACKSiDE = The Dyers’ Arms.
R. ST . THOMAS . APOSTLE . SILK . DIER = HIS HALF PENNY G . A . S.
Thread needle street is, according to Stow, a perversion of Three Needle street.
Three needles are the charge on the shield of the Needle-makers Company arms.
#1157#1157 THE ANTWERP TAVERN Three-masted ship, in field.
Rev. BEHIND THE EXCHANGE In the field, P. A. T.
Noticed as " the Ship at the Exchange," among well-known taverns, particularized in Newesfrom, Bartholomew Fayre.
#1158 THO. BLAGROVE AT YE A crown, in field; TAVERNE.
Rev. IN THREADNEEDLE STREET HIS HALFE PENY.
Pepys, in his Diary, May 19th, 1661, cursorily notices his going on that, " the Lord's day, to Mr. Wilkinson's, at the Crowne," in quest of some of the members of the Royal Society ; the Crown being " the meeting shop" of the gimcrack merchants, as Sir Godfrey Copley termed his co-fellows of that brotherhood. On June 4th, 1666, Pepys again mentions his going " to the Crown behind the 'Change, and there supped at the club, with my lord Brouncker, Sir George Ent, and others of Gresham college." The great fire in September utterly destroyed the Crown tavern ; and on its being rebuilt, Blagrove, who before the fire tenanted the Old King's Head in New Fish street, became the tenant of the Crown, and issued the above token.
Sir John Hawkins, speaking of the city taverns a century since, observes " in that space, near the Royal Exchange and Threadneedle street, the number of taverns was not so few as twenty ; on the side of the Bank there stood four ; and at one of them, the Crown, it was not unusual to draw a butt of mountain., containing one hundred and twenty gallons, in gills, in a morning."
The Crown tavern immediately faced the north end of Castle alley, that extended on the west side of the Royal Exchange, from Cornhill to Threadneedle street. It stood, in fact, on part of the now chief entrance to the Bank in Threadneedle street.
#1159 ROBERT DAWSON AT YE COCK In the field, a cock.
Rev. IN LITTLE ST BARTHOLOMEWS HIS HALFE PENNY. R. I. D.
The Cock tavern, described in early newspaper advertisements of the last century as " the Cock eating-house behind the Royal Exchange," was the eastern-most of three houses erected against the south wall of St. Bartholomew's church, and stood the next, westward, to the banking-house of Prescott, Grote, and Company. The house is shown in Malton's north view of the Royal Exchange, 1798.
On the demolition of the church, the Cock tavern, and other houses, in 1840, the sign, a spiritedly carved cock, eight feet and a half high, was, at the sale of building materials, purchased by Mr. Norman, a fixture dealer, 76, Old-street road, near the Curtain road, who placed it there, in the front of his house, since designated by him " the Cock fixture warehouse."
The Sun Fire office occupies in part the site of the church, the Cock tavern, and other buildings, then levelled for the city improvements.
No. 1159. The Cock possibly derived that appellation from a contiguous sign of much earlier notoriety. The steward's accompt of disbursements made for his master Sir John Howard, subsequently duke of Norfolk, has the following notices : March 6th, 1463-4, " Item, in offerynge at my lord of Oxynford's terment, jd." This "terment" must mean the grave or tomb of John de Vere, twelfth earl of Oxford, in the church of the Austin Friars. He married Elizabeth, cousin of Sir John Howard, but was attainted and beheaded in 1461. On the 19th of the same month, another credit is taken, " Item, for my masterys dyner at the Kokke, at the Frere Awstyns gate, xxeZ."
B1736. Obverse. WILL . BOLTON . AT . THE = A COCK.
R. LITTLE . ST . BARTHOLOMEW = W . A . B. 1/4
B1738. Obverse. THE . COCKE . IN . LITTLE = A COCK.
R. S . BARTHELMEWS . 1652 = S . I. 1/4
B1739. Obverse. Robert . peacock . at . ye a crescent = A crescent. R. in . title . st . Bartholomews = A peacock with tail spread. 1/2
#1160 WILL. GOODWIN AT YE King's arms, in field TAVERN.
Rev. THREDNEDLE STREETE HIS HALFE PENY.
#1161 SAM: TOWERS. BEHIND THE ROYAL EXCHA . In the field, HIS TOKEN FOR 2 PEN.
Struck on leather.
#1162 AT THE 2 WRASLERS IN Two men wrestling, in field.
Rev. THREDNEEDLE STREET In the field, W. F. A.
Fleuranges relates that after witnessing the prowess of the wrestlers of both nations at the field of Ardres, or Cloth of Gold, King Henry the Eighth, after dinner, jovially grasped Francis the First, saying " Brother, I must wrestle with you ;" but Hal having indulged too freely, was soon laid on his back. He would have renewed the contest, but was prevented.
The Wrestlers, an old sign, has evidently allusion to the period when several days were passed in wrestling, the lord mayor, aldermen, and sheriffs being present in a large tent pitched for that purpose, at Skinner's well near Clerkenwell.
His practice in Stow's time was limited to the afternoon of St. Bartholomew's day, and long since has been altogether discontinued. From the time that wrestling became unfashionable and was rarely practised by persons of opulence, by slower degrees it declined also among the populace, and is now seldom seen, except at wakes and fairs, and then but partially exhibited.
B3137 Obverse. AT . YE . KINGS . ARMES . TAVER = B . P.
R. THREEDNEDLE . STREETE = B . P. 1/4
B3138 Obverse. WM . Stonyer . his . 1/2 peney = A Turk’s head.
R. AGt . YE . FRENCH . CHURCH . IN . THRED . NEDLE street (in six lines across the field).
Colonel Turner agreed to meet William Turner for the purpose of handing over to him part of the spoil of his famous robbery, “ the place of meeting to be the corner Tavern, by the French Church, in Threadneedle-Street.”—“ Life of Colonel Turner,” 1663, p. 24.
B3139 Obverse. AT . THE . BELL . IN = A bell.
R. 3 . COULT . ALY . 1653 = T . N . O. 1/4
" Three Cranes lane, so called, not of three cranes at a tavern door, but rather
of three strong cranes of timber, placed at the Vintry wharf by the Thames side
to crane up wines. The lane was of old time, in 1385, called ' the Painted
Tavern lane,' of the tavern being painted."
The Drapers Company books seem to refer to this tavern in the following entry ;
"August 14th, 1518 : buried this day, Mrs. Elizabeth Peke, widow;" the persons appointed " to bere her, from the Crayne in the Vintre unto Seynt Michaell's church," are named ; and the notice concludes, " she had our best beryall clothe, and every of the vj berers had a sylver spoone for his labor."
Queen Mary, on February 1st, 1553-4, after proclamation had been made in the city, denouncing Sir Thomas Wyatt and his adherents as traitors, rode from Westminster to Guildhall, where, at three p. m., she spoke of her marriage, as intending it to be by advice and consent of her council ; and, having associated the lord admiral with the lord mayor, in defending the city against Wyatt and all comers thereto, if rode from Guildhall to the Three Cranes in the Vintry, and toke her barge to Westminster."
Thomas Dawson, a printer of some celebrity, who lived at the Three Cranes in the Vintry, from 1595 to 1616, adopted as his device three cranes standing in a vineyard.
#1163 A hand, holding between finger and thumb a rose.
Rev. RICHD FISHER AT 3 CRANES . 1723, in five lines.
Struck on lead, large size.
#1164 PHILIP SALL AT THE 3 CRANES, occupying the field.
Rev. On a shield, three trees rising from mounds.
On the reverse, above the shield, is punched a smaller shield, charged with a lion rampant. Struck on lead, like the preceding piece.
The city end of Southwark bridge occupies the site of the Three Crane wharf.
B3140 Obverse. ROB . JACKSON . AT . YE . RED = A portcullis.
R . AT . 3 . CRANE . WHARFE = R . I . I. 1/4
B3141 Obverse. Edward . Norman . at . ye = A fox carrying a crane.
R . AT . 3 . CRANE . WHARF = E . S . N. 1/4
B3142 Obverse. Edward . Pinchon = Arms ; per chevron, three wheatsheaves.
R. AT . 3 . CRANES . WHARFE = E . K . P. 1/4
B3142 Obverse. John . Rowland . 1667 = The sun crowned.
R. IN . THREE . LEGG . ALLY = I . G . R.
B3144 Obverse. Jasper . Cooper . in . 3 . legg = The King’s head crowned.
RR. COVRT . IN . WHITECROS . STREET = I . A . C. 1/2
B3145 Obverse. Cornelivs . glover . trvssmaker = A naked boy holding a truss.
R. IN . 3 . NUN . ALY . NEAR . YE . OLD . POST . HOUS = A horseman galloping, blowing a horn; below, lD . (Brass, with a piece of copper in the centre.)
B3146 Obverse. Richard . Ken . in . 3 . nun . aly = Three nuns, standing.
R. IN . THRED . NEEDLE . STREET = HIS HALF PENY. R . E . K.
B3147 Obverse. Thomas . Lowe = Three nuns, standing.
R. IN . 3 . NUNN . ALLY = T . M . L. 1/4
B3148 Obverse. Robert . Charles . at . ye = A horse’s head bridled.
R. IN . THROCKMORTON . STREET = R . I . C. 1/4
B3149 Obverse. JOBE . SARGEANT . COKE . AT . THE = A Stag. 1D .
R. in . Throckmorton . street = The Cooks’ Arms. 1
Dover house, Parliament street, occupies a portion of the Tilt-yard, that at the
time of the issue of this token immediately faced the Banquetting-house,
Whitehall. See Fisher's Survey and Ground-plot of the Royal Palace, Whitehall,
1165 RICHARD WASHBOURN AT THE Monks Head; D. A.
Rev. TILT YARD. SUTLER . 1660 HIS HALF PENNY. R. A. W. 1/4
Monk was created Duke of Albemarle, July 12th, 1660. Anne or Nan Clarges, wife of Captain-general Monk, thus ennobled as duchess of Albemarle, was the daughter of Thomas Clarges a blacksmith in Little Drury lane. Aubrey, a busy Paul Pry of that period, was assured that her mother was a woman of ill fame, and one of the five women-barbers of whom a ballad was then current ; the burden being
"Did you e'er know the like
Or ever hear the same ;
Of five women barbers,
That lived in Drury lane?"
Aubrey, writing in 1680, adds, of Clarges's shop, " the shop is still of that trade ; the corner shop, the first turning on ye right hand, as you come out of the Strand."
It is still a smith's shop !
Token-house yard derived that name from the mint-house, erected for the coinage
and issue of farthing tokens, under the patent granted to Henry Howard, Lord
Maltravers, and Sir Francis Crane, the latter as the king's agent, in 1635.
Mottley, in his Survey of London, 1734, vol. i. p. 396, notices the then condition of " Token -house yard, a large place, with well-built houses, fit for good inhabitants, especially the row on the east side, which have court-yards with brick walls before them j this place took its name from an old house there standing, which anciently was the office for delivering out of farthings."
#1166 JOHN ROSE IN TOKEN HOUS A sugar-loaf; I. E. R.
Rev. YARD . IN LOTHBURY In field, A CLOTH WORKER.
#1167 THE SHEEPHEARD AND Shepherd with crook and dog.
Rev. DOGG AT TVLYS GATE In the field, I. S. w.
" Of mastives and mongrels, that many we see
A number of thousands, to many there be ;
Watch therefore in Lent, to thy sheepe go and looke,
For dogs will have vittels, by hooke and by crooke."
Tusser, temp. Henry VIII.
St. Tooley, a questionable name for gravity as a patron of the church, is no
other than St. Olave, a Norwegian prince, the ally of the Anglo-Saxon king
Ethelred, and subsequently king of Norway, slain in fight by his rebellious
subjects, at Stichstadt, July 29th, 1030*. He was buried at Drontheim, where his
body was in 1098 found undecayed; and afterwards, in 1541, when his shrine,
esteemed the greatest treasure in the north, was stripped of its gold and jewels
by the Lutherans, his body was still fresh and unimpaired.
* Another authority places his death to the prid. cal. Septenib., or August 31st, 1030.
#1168 BRIAN BOWDLER In the field, HIS HALF PENY.
Rev. IN TOOLIS STREETE Anchor ; B. S. B., in field.
#1169 NEHEMIAH DROVGHT Sun in rays, Distillers' arms.
Rev. IN s. TOVLES STREETE In the field, N. M. D.
#1170 JOHN IBBOTT AT Y E Anchor, in the field ; IN ST.
Rev. TOOLIS STREETE . SOUTHWORK HIS HALFE PENY. I. H. I.
#1171 AT THE KINGS HEAD King's Head ; Charles the Second.
Rev. IN TOOLEYS STREET In the field, I. H. R.
#1172 WILL. GREENING TOOLY A drum, in the field.
Rev. STRET AT BRIDG FOOTE In the field, w. I. G.
#1173 JOHN TURNER AT THE King's head, in the field.
Rev. AND [a drum, in field;] I. M. T. IN S T TOOLEYS STREET.
The sign was originally " the Drum in Tooley street, at Bridge foot ;" but when royalty resumed the sway, Turner turned his drum topsy-turvy, and added the King's Head ; it then became " the King's Head and Drum."
#1174 RICHARD M ARSON Seven stars, in the field.
Rev. IN TOOLEYS STREET In the field, R. I. M.
In the proem or preface to the first edition of Cocker's Arithmetic, 1678, we are told that .. a
feeven sciences, supreamly excellent,
Are the chief stars in wisdom's firmament."
Arithmetic, according to Cocker, was one that crowned the rest. Cocker was deceased in 1677, his death caused apparently by o ver- drink ing ; as, among Bagford's papers in the Harleian collection, the writer remembers an elegiac broad-side, published on his death, entitled, " Cocker's Farewell to Brandy."
#1175 LEONARD OTTER In the field, a man smoking a pipe.
Rev. IN TOOLY STREET. 1663 L. E. O., in the field.
#1176 TIMOTHY PHELPS AT THE Eagle and child, in field.
Rev. IN ST TOOLES STREET. 1665 HIS HALF PENY.
The Eagle and Child is the crest of the Stanleys, earls of Derby.
#1177 ROBERT CORNELIVS IN: 1665 Two heads, WE ARE 3.
Rev. ST TVLIS STREET. HIS HALF PENY R. D. C.
A jocosery not observable on any other trader's token. The sign originally named " the Three Loggerheads" included the reader of the inscription. So the clown in Shakespeare's Twelfth Night asks, " How now, my hearts ; Did you never see the picture of We three ? " Taylor the water poet, in his Farewell to the Tower Bottles, applies the phrase to himself; and, of " the three L's," Hugh Peters is said to have once made the following ludicrous application :
" Once conversing with severall of his particular friends, Hugh Peters was heard to say, England will never be right till one hundred and fifty were cut off ; every one wondering where he would pick so many, at last one asked him who those hundred and fifty were ; he answered they were three LLLs, and each L standing for fifty, the number might easily be compleated out of Lords, Levites, and Lawyers." Tales and Jests of Hugh Peters.
#1178 EDETH EDLINSON IN Hand and scissors, in the field.
Rev. ST TOOLES STREET. 1665 HER HALF PENY.
#1179 WILL. CRASKEES JOYNER In field, W. A. C.
Rev. IN TVTHILL FEILDS In the field, W. A. C. 1/4
#1180 ROBERT BLACKDEN Tallow-chandlers' arms, in field.
Rev. IN TVTILE STREET In the field, R. I. B.
#1181 AT THE BLACK LYON A lion rampant, in the field.
Rev. IN TVTILL STREETE In field, JOHN HARRISON.
The black lion of Hainault appears in the arms of Phillippa of Hainault, queen of King Edward the Third. The black lion is also the charge on the shield of the family of Bourbon.
Hall, in his Chronicle, 1539, states that at the meeting of King Henry the Eighth and Anne of Cleves, she rode a fair horse richly trapped, with her footmen about her in goldsmith's work embroidered with the black lion, derived from her mother Mary, daughter and sole heir of William the third duke of Juliers. From this source probably originates the sign of the lion rampant sable.
#1182 ANDREW CARTER A bell, in the field; IN TUTTLE
Rev. STREETE . HIS HALFE PENY IN WESTMINSTER.
To the sign of the Bell, as in connection with the church, was frequently annexed the inscription, " Fear God, and Honour the King." The Craftsman, September 30th, 1738, in reference to this practice, says " I am not antiquary enough to account how the Bell originally happened to have this venerable motto, but it being grown trite,, a jovial innkeeper, a great lover of poetry, desired a reverend and facetious divine, his customer, to turn the same motto into verse. The man had but little room on his sign, and yet being post-master, insisted on having his loyalty duly expressed ; so that the worthy divine was obliged to leave out the Fear of God, and happily rendered the other part in the following beautiful tetrastich; - Let the king
Live long ;
Ding dong ! "
#1183 THE CROWNE IN TUTTLE In the field, a crown.
Rev. STREETE . WESTMIN. 1651 R. A. F., in the field.
#1184 William Dove at the Fleece in Tuttle Street, Westminster.
Rev. A ram fleece HIS HALF PENY. W. A. D. 1666.
The Fleece is still there.
#1185 THE EAGLE AND CHILD Eagle and child, in the field.
Rev. IN TUTTLE STREET ROGER COOKE . CHANLER.
#1185* MICH AELL FIDSALL Clothworkers Company arms: M. S. F.
Rev. IN TUTTLE STREET WESTMINSTER, in the field.
#1186 GOLDEN LYON. TVTL . s A lion rampant, in the field.
Rev. AT WESTMINSTER In the field, WIL. WADLEY.
From the position of the name, being in the field on the reverse, on this and others in Tooley street, the medallist, whoever he was, appears to have had the course tolerably clear to himself.
#1187 AT THE HORES SHOW IN Horse-shoe, as a crescent.
Rev. TVTILL STRET WESTMIN. In the field, W. E. A.
#1188 THO. HVCCHINES . IN A tobacco-roll, in the field.
Rev. TVTTELL STREETE In the field, T. G. H.
#1189 IAMES MILLER TALOW In the field, a fleur-de-lis.
Rev. CHANDLER . TUTTLE STRE I. M. M., in the field.
#1190 AT THE 3 PIDGEONS Three pigeons, in the field.
Rev. IN TUTTLE STREETE In the field, I. I. F.
#1191 Henry Hurly in Tuttle Street, Westminster, in script.
Rev. AT YE BAG OF NAILS : HIS HALF PENY H. E. H. 1668.
In the field on the reverse, between the initials and date, is represented a bag of nails, bearing the armorial charge of the Smiths' arms, a hammer surmounted by a crown.
At Chelsea was formerly a similar sign; but " the Bag of. Nails" failing to be understood by a succeeding occupant, he perverted it to the Bacchanals," and had them painted in a style that would have put 'Rubens, Jordaens, and the floridity of his school out of countenance.
#1192 EDMVND TANNER AT Ye= GOLDEN Ball: above, I. E. T.
Rev. BALL IN TUTTLE STREET HIS HALFE PENNY. 1668.
The initials on the obverse should be E. I. T.
B3152 Obverse. at . the . hores . show . in = A horse-shoe.
R. TVTILL . STRET . WESTMIN = W . E . A. 1/4
B3153 Obverse. Joane . Bartlit . White = A hart lodged.
R. HART . TVTEL . STREETE = I . B. 1/4
B3154 Obverse. Robert . Blackden = Three birds.
R. IN . TUTTLE . STREET = R . I . B. 1/4
B3155. A variety reads streete , and has a different mint-mark; as it is also much smaller it is perhaps the farthing, whilst the preceeding is the halfpenny, although but of farthing size.
B3156 Obverse. AT . THE . WHEAT . SHEAF = A sheaf of Corn.
R. IN . TVTTIL . STREET = M . C. 1/4
B3159 Obverse. William . Done . at . the . Fleece . in . Tuttle . street Westminster (in five lines).
R. his . half . peny . W . A . D . 1666 = A fleece. 1/4
B3160 Obverse. at . the . 3 . Pidgens = Three pigeons.
R. IN . TUTTLE . STREETE = I . I . F. 1/4
B3161 Obverse. THE . CROWNE . IN . TUTTLE = A Crown.
R. STREETE . WESTMIN . 1651 = R . A . F. 1/4
B3162 Obverse. Michaell . Fidsall = A coat of arms and M . S . F.
R. IN . TUTTLE . STREET = WESTMINSTER.
B3163 Obverse. Ralph . Firbancke = A hart lodged.
R. IN . TUTTLE . STREETE = R . E . F. 1/4
B3164 Obverse. ye . Goulden . Fleece . in = A fleece suspended.
R. TUTTLE . STREETE . 57 = E . K . H. 1/4
B3165 Obverse. IN . TUTELL . STREETE = JOHN HARISON.
R. at . the . black . lyon = A lion rampant. 1/4
B3166 Obverse. Paul . Heath . baker = A sheaf of wheat.
R. IN . TVTTIL . STREET = P . A . H. 1/4
B3167 Obverse. Tho . Hucchines . in = A tobacco-roll.
R. TVTTELL . STREETE = T.H. 1/4
B3168 Obverse. Henry . Hurly . in . Tittle . street . Westminster (in five lines).
r. AT . Ye . BAG . OF . NAILS . HIS . HALF . PENY = A bag of nails, a crowned hammer, and H . E . H. 1668. 1/2
B3169 Obverse. at . the . Lyon . in = A lion rampant.
R. TUTTLE . STREETE . 57 = M . L. 1/4
B3170 Obverse. AGAINST . THE . CHAPEL = A fox.
R. IN . TVTEL . SIDE . IN . WES = W . I . M. 1/4
B3171 Obverse. James . Miller . talow = A fleur-de-lis.
R. CHANDLER . TUTTLE . STRE = I . M . M. 1/4
B3172 Obverse. John . Rix . 1655 (in three lines across the field).
R. in . TUTTLE . street = A rose and crown. 1
B3173 Obverse. EDMVND . TANNER . AT . YE . GOLDEN = A ball. I . E . T.
R. BALL . IN . TUTTLE . STREET = HIS HALFE PENNY. 1668.
B3174 Obverse. Will . Wadly . at = A greyhound.
R. IN . TUTTLE . STREET = W . A . W. 1/4
B3175 Obverse. Golden . Lyon . tvtl . s = A lion rampant.
R. AT . WESTMINSTER = WIL WADLEY. 1/4
The Tower ditch appears to signify the buildings that at this period surrounded
the Tower. John Mottley, in his Survey of London, published under the pseudonyme
of Robert Seymour, 1734, fol., vol. i. p. 30F, observes, " Formerly there were
round the Tower old buildings, which enclosed the ditch or moat, till in the
reign of King Charles the Second, being found incommodious, were all by command
from above, Sir John Robinson being lieutenant, pulled down, and the moat
cleaned and enlarged, so that now the Tower is not choked up, but stands open on
#1193 PAUL BADCOCK LIVEING A ship in full sail, in the field.
Rev. IN TOWER DICH. 1669 HIS HALF PENY.
#1194 PHILLIP JACOB A chequer, or lattice, in the field.
Rev. IN TOWER DITCH In the field, P. A. I.
B3180 Obverse. Phillip . Jacob = A harrow.
R. IN . TOWER . DITCH = P . A . I. 1/4
The chequers, formerly designated lattices, were in common use among the Romans.
They were also in use by the tavern-keepers at Pompeii, and have been found
painted on their door-steads.
Gifford observes that, in Ben Jonson's time, the windows of the ale-houses were furnished with lattices of various colours ; glass was then too costly and too brittle for the kind of guests that frequented them ; thus we hear of the red, the blue, and the green lattice. Cob, in Every Man in his Humour, about to complain to Justice Clement of Captain Bobadil, commences
" Cob. I dwell, sir, at the sign of the Water Tankard, hard by the Green Lattice. I have paid scot and lot there any time these eighteen years.
Clem. To the Green Lattice ?
Cob. No, sir ! to the parish : marry, I have seldom 'scaped scot-free at the Lattice." Act Hi. sc. 3.
Green-lattice lane derived its appellation from an ale-house that once bore that sign. There is also., or was, the Green Lattice public -house at Billingsgate.
Shakespeare, in his Metry Wives of Windsor, speaks derisively of " your red-lattice phrases;" and through one of those Bardolph espied Falstaff's boy " He called me even now, my lord, through a red lattice." Henry IV., part 2. act ii. sc. 2. Balurdo, in Marston's Antonio and Mellida, part 1. act v., is made to say, " I am not as well known by my wit, as an ale-house by a red lattice." Again, in Wilkins's Miseries of Inforced Marriage, 1607, in reply to Scarborow's admonition to Ilford to be mild, he exclaims " Be mild in a tavern ! 'tis treason to the red lattice, enemy to their sign-post, and slave to humour : prythee, let's be mad ! " Act iii. sc. 1.
#1195 WILLIAM LILLYSTONE Mercers' arms, in the field.
Rev. AT TOWER DICH . 1667 HIS HALF PENY.
B3179 Obverse. William . Brend = Three harts.
R. IN . TOWER . DITCH = W . B . B. 1/4
B3181 Obverse. WILLIAM . LANGLEY . IN = An Oar.
R. TOWER . DITCH . l666 = W . H . L.
B3183 Obverse. John . Murke . at . the = A lion rampant.
R. RED . LION . IN . TOWER . DICH = I . E . M.
B3184 Obverse. at. the . Red . Lyon = lion rampant.
R. IN . TOWER . DECH = G . M . S.
" The Tower hill,
Of all the places London can afford,
Hath sweetest ayre."
Haughton's Englishmen for my Money, 1598.
#1197 AT THE ANGEL TAVERNE An angel, in the field.
Rev. AT TOWER HILL. 1649 In the field, T. D. W.
Pepys, who had much personal dread of the plague, and, to avoid the chance of infection by passing through the streets, most frequently returned home from Whitehall by boat, mentions, almost with horror, in his Diary, his finding on September 14th, 1665, "the Angel tavern, at the lower end of Tower hill, shut up as an infected house." The sickness cleared the house of its inmates; and, in the great fire of the following September, not a vestige of the Angel tavern remained.
B3201. Obverse. at . the . Angel . taverne = An angel holding a scroll.
R. AT . TOWER . HILL . 1649 = T . D . W. 1/4
“ I spent some thoughts upon the occurrences of this day, giving matter for as much content on one hand, and melancholy on another, as any day in all my life
. . . . Then, on the other side .... my finding the Angel Tavern, at the lower end of Tower Hill, shut up ; and more than that the Alehouse at the Tower Stairs.”—
Pepys’ “Diary,” September 14, 1665.
F#1198 GEORGE TAYLOR BAKER Bakers Company arms, in field.
Rev. ON TOWER HILL . 1651 In the field, a wheatsheaf.
#1199 JOHN WELLS ON Bakers Company arms, in the field.
Rev. TOWER HILL BACKER In the field, I. S. W. 1/4
B3193 Obverse. GEORGE . ALLSOP = HIS HALF PENY.
R. ON . GREATE . TOWER . HIL = A ship’s gull.
B3194 Obverse. Thomas . Clarke . at . the = An Indian holding a dart, between T . C.
R. ON . GREAT . TOWER . HILL . 1667 = HIS HALF PENY. T . A . C.
B3195 Obverse. Henry . Coleman . at . the . 1666 = Arms ; a lion rampant on a pale.
R. VICTVALL . OFFICE . TOWER . HILL = H . E . C. 1/2
B3196 Obverse. Richard . EVSDEN = The King’s head crowned.
R. on . tower . hill = The same device. 1/4
B3197 Obverse. IA . GODFREY . TOWR . HILL = A rose.
R. ironmonger . 1662 = A rose.
B3198 Obverse. THO . HOGSFLESH . COOPER . IN . THE . STILL . YARD (in five lines).
R. ON . GREAT . TOWER . HILL . HIS . HALF . PENY (in five lines). ( Octagonal .)
B3199 Obverse. Clement . Plumsted = A horse-shoe and 1666.
R. GREAT . TOWER . HILL = C . M . P.
“ Tabellce Chymiatricce per lata, or Lozanges pearled and prepared of the best Bezoarctic Species, Ch ymic Essences, Oyls, Magisteries, etc. conteining 18 or 20 Alexiterial and Antipestilential Ingredients ; an admirable and experimented Preservative from the Plague, and other contagious diseases : famous against Consumptions, Coughs, and ill Lungs, Palsies, Convulsions, Lethargy, Passions of the heart, Fits of the Mother, etc. made up by the order of J. R. M.D. and sold for is. an ounce, by ... . Mr. Collins at the George Inne in Little-Britain, . . . .
Mr. Plumstead at the Frying Pan and Horshoe on Tower-hill .... with directions. Also his Elyxir Antipestilentiale Chymiatricum , may be had a week hence at the places aforesaid.”—The Newes, No. 60, August 3, 1665, p. 670.
A certain John Collins issued a token in Little Britain, but at the Breastplate.—
#1200 FRANCIS BULFELL AT Fleece and sugar-loaf, in field.
Rev. LITTLE TOWER HILL. 1666 HIS HALFE PENNY. F. A. B.
#1201 WILLIAM CARTAR AT THE Lion rampant, in the field.
Rev. VPPON LITTLE TOWER HILL HIS HALF PENY. W. R. C.
#1202 RICHARD CLIFFON In the field, HIS HALF PENY.
Rev . LITTLE TOWER HILL R. S. C., in the field.
#1203 THOMAS JEWETT In the field, HIS HALF PENY.
Rev. ON LITTLE TOWER HILL Hand holding pen.
B1740. Obverse. Rob . Atkinson . at . the = A stocking.
R. AT . LITTLE . TOWER . HIL = R . M . A. 1/4
B1742. Obverse. Will . Burrough . on = A tobacco-roll between two sugar-loaves.
R. LITTLE . TOWER . HILL = W . M . B. 1/4
B1745. Obverse. AT . THE . BELL . ON . 1656 = A bell.
R. LITTLE . TOWER . HILL = I . D. 1/4
B1746. Obverse. ELIZABETH . GEOAGE . AT = A Sugar-loaf.
R. ON . LITTLE . TOWER . HILL = E . G. 1/4
B1747. Obverse. 10 . Jakeman . Yarne . seller = The three legs of the Isle of Man.
R. ON . LITTLE . TOWER . HILL = I . K . I. 1/4
B1748. Obverse. O. THOMAS . JEWETT = HIS HALF PENY.
R. on . little . tower . hill = A hand holding a pen.
B1749. Obverse. PHILLIP . MAYFEILD . ON = HIS HALF PENY.
R. LITTEL . TOWER . HILL = A boar.
B1750. Obverse. THOMAS . PARKER = HIS HALF PENY.
R. on . little . tower . hill = The Coopers’ Arms.
The Tower Royal was formerly the residence of King Stephen, and here Richard the
Second visited his mother the Princess Joan, widow of Edward the Black Prince,
who had retired to this place when the insurgents under Wat Tyler occupied the
Tower of London. After the reign of Elizabeth it became stabling for the king's
horses ; and was ultimately divided into tenements, occupied by numerous
individuals, till the whole was destroyed in the great fire of September, 1666.
Tower Royal, situated at the upper end of College hill, extended from Cloak lane to St. Thomas's lane.
#1204 Thomas Scarlett his Coffee Penny, in script characters.
Rev. NEERE THE TOWER ROYALL A Turk's head.
#1205 W. SHAW AT THE COFFEE Hand holding coffee-pot.
Rev. HOVSE IN TOWRE ROYAL In the field, W. F. S.
1196 THE BLEW ANKER In the field, an anchor.
Rev. AT TOWER DOCKE T. D. K., in the field. 1/4
#1206 MORGAN COWARNE In the field, HIS HALF PENY.
Rev. IN THE TOWER A rose crowned, in the field.
Another token issued by Cowarne has " THE ROSE AND CROWN, AT TOWER STAIRES;" doubtless the house alluded to by Pepys, September 14th, 1665, as under the same ban with the Angel tavern ; when he adds, " and more than that, the ale-house at the Tower staires," and the person he had seen when last there, a little while ago, at night, then dying of the plague.
The Tower stairs were and are without the bulwark gate; " IN THE TOWER," appears to have been some error for " BY THE TOWER."
B3176 Obverse. Phillip . Gardener = A naked boy astride a barrel.
R . in . the . tower . 1652 = A. child seated, holding cornstalks and a sickle.
B3185 Obverse. THE . ROSE . AND . CROWN = A rose and Crown
R. AT . TOWER . STAIRS .= M . H. C . 1/4
B3186 Obverse. AT . THE . GOLDEN . ANKER = An Anchor
R. ON . TOWER . WHARFE = A . S. [E ?] . 1/4
B3187 Obverse. AT . THE . THREE . TUNNS = Three Tunns
R. ON . TOWER . WHARFE = D . M . G . 1/4
B3189 Obverse. AT . THE . 3 . MARINERS =Three Sailors
R. AT . TOWER . DOCK = G . A . P .
B3190 Obverse. RICHARD . STONE . IN = A wheatsheaf
R. TOWER . DOCKE . BAKARE = R . E . S.
B3191 Obverse . TIMOTHY . STEPHENSON . OLD = A full blown rose
R. NEERE . TOWER . DOCKE . 1664 = HIS HALF PENY 1/3
B3192 Obverse . JOHN . WATERS . AT . YE . COCK = A Cock (Octagonal)
R. AT . TOWER . DOCKE . 1669 = HIS HALF PENY I . E .W . 1/2
#1207 THE WHITE LYON TAVERNE Lion rampant, in field.
Rev. IN TOWER STREETE In the field, T. A. M.
The White Lion of March was the badge of King Edward the Fourth.
#1208 AT THE GREHOUND In field, a greyhound in full run.
Rev. IN TOVR STREETE G. D. A., in the field.
The Greyhound, derived from the house of Beaufort., was the sinister supporter of the arms of King Henry the Seventh. Possibly this is the tavern referred to by Pepys, January 18, 1660-1 :
“ I took Mr. Holder to the Greyhound, where he did advise me above all things, both as to the stone and the decay of my memory (of which I now complain to him), to avoid drinking often, which I am resolved, if I can, to leave off.”
#1209 RICHARD FINCH A wheatsheaf, or Baker's sign, in field.
Rev. IN TOVR STREETE In the field, R. I. F.
#1210 AT THE HORSHOW In the field, a horse-shoe.
Rev. TOWER STRETE. 1658 E. M. M., in the field.
“Afterwards I went beyond the little Postern between the two Tower-hills, near
the Tower Ditch .... We (Wild and Turner) walked to the hill .... within a
little while came another fellow to him at the further end by the Hors-shoe
Tavern.”—“Turner’s Trial,” 1663, pp. 51-3;
#1211 AT THE SALUTATION In the field, two men bowing.
Rev. TAVERNE . IN TOWER STREET T. E. B., in field.
#1212 THO. STEELE CHANDLER Man dipping candles, in the
field. Rev. IN TOWER STREETE In field, T. M. S.
#1213 RALPH BUTCHER. 1664 Three sugar-loaves, in field.
Rev. IN TOWER STREETE In the field, R. A. B.
Tower street was wholly destroyed in the great fire. Butcher, a grocer and chandler, appears to have resumed business in Bishopsgate without, whence he issued a token, in 1666. See No. 194.
#1214 Samuell Remnant In script, two lines across the field.
Rev. IN TOWER STREET. 1666 Swan, ducally collared.
The sign was the White Swan ; another token was issued from the same house by William Peake.
B3205. Obverse. Benedick . Barefoote = Two keys in saltire.
R. in . Tour . Street = B . A . B.
B3207 Obverse. AT . THE . BLACK . SWAN = A Swan.
R. IN . TOWER . STRET . 1659 = R . C. 1/4
B3208. Obverse. William . Cox . at . the = The King’s head.
R IN . TOWER . STREETE = W . M . C.
B3209. Obverse. Edward . Drayner = A King’s head crowned.
R. IN . TOWER . STREET = E . A . D.
B3210. Obverse. Stephen . Earle . in = The Grocers’ Arms.
R. TOWER . STREET . l666 = HIS HALF PENY. S . E .
B3212. Obverse. John . Gosling . in = Three cauliflowers?
R. TOWER . STREET . 1658 = I . G.
B3213. Obverse. AT . THE . BLEW . HELMET = A . F . H.
R. in . tower . streete = A helmet.
B3215. Obverse. O. the . White . Lyon . taverne=A lion rampant.
R. IN . TOWER . STREETE = T . A . M. J
B3216. Obverse. O. Thomas . Mills (in two lines).
R. in . tower . street . 1666 = The King’s head.
B3217. Obverse. ROBERT . PARKER = HIS HALF PENY.
R. in . tower . streete = A rose full-blown.
B3218. Obverse. WILLIAM . PEAKE . AT . YE . WHIT = HIS HALFE PENY. W . M . P.
R. SWAN . IN . TOWER . STREET . 166... = A Swan.
B3219. Obverse. Samuell . Remnant (in two lines across the field).
R. in . tower . street . 1666 = A swan. 1/4
B3220. Obverse. AT . THE . KINGES . HEAD = Bust of James I.
R. IN . TOWR . STREET . 1648 = P . M . S. 1/4
B3221. Obverse. Thomas . Satterthwaite = Arms of the town of Colchester.
R. IN . TOWER . STREET . 1667 = HIS HALFE PENNY. T . E . S.
Satterthwaite issued a token at Colchester in 1668, q.v.
B3222. Obverse. William . Shears . in = A hand issuing from a cloud and holding a cup ; a table on which are two cups.
R. TOWER . STREET . 1669 = A | COFFEE | PENNY (in three lines).
B3223. Obverse. Tho . Steele . chandler = A man dipping candles.
R. IN . TOWER . STREETE = T . M . S. B3220. Obverse. 1/4
B3224. Obverse. THOMAS . TAYLOR . IN . LITTEL = A Star.
R. tower . street . his . halfe . peny = An arrow between T . T.
B3225. Obverse. the . Dolphin . tavern = A dolphin and a bear.
Reverse. IN . TOWER . STREETE . 1650 = R . E . W. 1/4
Pepys records more than a dozen visits to this house. The following entries are not the least amusing :
“ To the Dolphin to drink the 30s. that we got the other day of Sir W. Penn about his tankard.”—September 9, 1661.
“To the Dolphin to a dinner of Mr. Harris’s, where Sir Williams both and my Lady Batten, and her two daughters, and other company, where a great deal of mirth, and there staid till n o’clock at night ; and in our mirth I sang and sometimes fiddled (there being a noise of fiddlers there), and at. last we fell to dancing, the first time that ever I did in my life, which I did wonder to see myself do.”— March 27, 1660-1.
“ Sir W. Penn, the Comptroller, and I to the Dolphin, where we found Sir W. Batten, and there we did drink a great quantity of sack and did tell many merry stories.”—November 14, 1660.
B3226. Obverse. at . the . Rose . tavern = A full-blown rose.
R. IN . TOWER . STREET = W . M . W. L 1/4
#1215 THOMAS TAYLOR IN LITTLE Star of Bethlem, of sixteen rays.
Rev. TOWER STREET. HIS HALF PENY An arrow between T. T.
#1216 THO. BUTLER AT THE Angel winged, bearing scroll.
Rev. ANGEL IN TRENITY LANE In the field, T. E. B.
#1217 JOHN MILLIST BAKER A wheatsheaf, in the field.
Rev. IN TRENETY LANE In the field, I. E. M.
B3230. Obverse. Thomas . Clayton . at . the = The Prince of Wales’s feathers.
R. IN . TRINITY . LANE . l668 = HIS HALFE PENY.
B3231. Obverse. MARY . HANSON . AT . Y E . PETER = AN . PAVL. Bust of St. Peter with the keys, and St. Paul with the sword.
R. AND . PAVL . IN . TRINITY . LANE = HER HALFE PENY. 1668.
B3232. Obverse. Joanne . Langdell . m = An anchor.
R. LITTLE . TRINITY . LANE . l666 = HER HALFE PENNY.
B3234. Obverse. mary . stringar . 1669 = A hand pouring from a coffeepot into one of two cups on a table, on which are two tobacco-pipes.
R. IN . LITTLE . TRINITY . LANE = HER HALF PENY.
#1218 IOANNE LANGDELL An anchor, in the field; IN.
Rev. LITTLE TRINITY LANE . 1666 HER HALFE PENNY. I. L.
#1219 MARY STRINGAR. 1669 Hand pouring coffee : tobacco pipes on table.
Rev. IN LITTLE TRINITY LANE HER HALF PENY.
" Coffee without tobacco is meat without salt/' according to the Persian proverb quoted by Sale, in the preliminary discourse to his translation of the Koran.
#1220 WILLIAM SHARPE IN A trumpeter on horseback.
Rev. TRVMP ALEY CHEAP SIDE HIS HALF PENY.
B3235. Obverse. Joseph . Scott = A bugle-horn.
R. IN . TRVMP . ALLEY = I . I . S.
Turnagain lane was a lane leading down to the fleet ditch, clearly a dead end.
#1221 JOHN DUNMORE AT Y Stag's horns, in the field.
Rev. IN TURNAGEN LANE In the field, I. R. D.
B3236. Obverse. John . Dunmore . at . ye = Harts’ horns.
R. TURNAGEN . LANE . BRIDG = I . R . D. 1/4
B3237. Obverse. Richard . Flewde . near = The Bricklayers’ Arms.
R. TURNAGAIN . LANE . BRIDG = R . E . F. 1/2
Turnmill, or in vulgar phraseology, Turnbull street, Clerkenwell, leading from
Cow cross to Hockley-in-the-Hole, was long famous as the resort of dissolute and
disreputable characters. Taffeta, the rich widow in Lodowick Barry's Ram Alky :
or Merrie TricJces, a comedy printed in 1611,, 4to, offended at the audacity of
her would-be suitor Captain Puff, an hectoring bully, bids him begone,
" You swaggering cheating Turne-bull streate rogue."
#1222 JOHN ATKINSON IN A green man, club on shoulder.
Rev. TURNE . MILL . STREET I. I. A., in the field.
B3238. Obverse. John . Atkinson. in = Hercules with a club over his shoulder.
R. TURNE . MILL . STREETE = I . I . A. 1/4
#1223 THE BLACK SPRED EAGEL Spread-eagle, in the field.
Rev. IN TURNE MILL STREET In the field, H. A. B. 1/4
#1224 SIMON COOKE IN TURN A game-cock, in the field.
Rev. MILL STREETE. 1651 In the field, S. R. C. 1/4
#1225 THOMAS CROSS. CHANDL[E]R Women scrubbing a
Moor. Rev. IN TURNMILL STREET In field, T. G. C.
B3251. Obverse. at . the . laber . in . vane = Two women washing a negro.
R. IN . TURN . MILL . STREETE = T . I . L. 1/4
The sign was " THE LABEL IN VANE." A token from the same house, and with that designation, was issued with the initials, T. I. L.
Probably the house, from which this last was issued, “gave its name to Old Fish
Street, which Hatton, in his ‘New View of London,’ 1708, p. 405, calls ‘ Old
Fish Street, or Labour in Vain Hill.’ ”—Larwood and Hotten’s “ History of
Signboards,” p. 460.
#1226 AT THE TUNN IN TURN A Tun, in the field.
Rev. MILL STREETE. 1652 In the field, I. E. GANT. 1/4
B3240. Obverse. AT . DAGGER . ALLEY = A dagger.
R. IN . TURN . MILL . STREET = H . H . B. 1/4
B3240. Obverse. Pindar . of . Wake . feild = A pindar with a staff.
R. IN . TURNMILL . STREETE = R . R . B. 1/4
“There was formerly a public-house near St. Chad’s Well, Clerkenwell, bearing this sign (the Pindar of Wakefield), which at one period, to judge from the following inscription, would seem to have been more famous than the celebrated Bagnigge Wells hard by. A stone in the garden-wall of Bagnigge House said :—
Sign of Maltese Cross
This is Bagnigge
the Pindar A
Larwood and Hotten’s “ History of Signboards.”
B3242. Obverse. EDWARD . BAKER . & = SIMON SOULE.
R. IN . TURNMILL . STREET = A Camel (?). 1/4
B3243 . A variety reads Edward . Beaker . & . 1/4
B3244. Obverse. GEORGE . BEDFORDE = A portcullis.
R. IN . TURNMILL . STREET = G . E . B. 1/4
B3247. Obverse. Edward . Dewhorre . in . TURN = The Blacksmiths’ Arms.
R. MILL . STREET . HIS . HALF . PENY = E . M . D. 1/2
B3248. Obverse. William . Dinn . at . ye = C . R. The King’s head crowned.
R. IN . TURNE . MILL . STREET = W . R . D. 1/4
B3249. Obverse. JAMES . FOWKES . l666 = HIS HALF PENY.
R. IN . TURNMILL . STREET = I . A . F.
B3252. Obverse. ISAAC . MARTIN . HIS . HALF . PENNY. 1667 (in five lines).
R. IN . TURNMILL . STREET = I . K . M.
B3253. Obverse. John . Mayhew . in . TURNmill = St. George and the Dragon.
R. STREET . HIS . HALFE . PENNY = I . I . M.
B3254. Obverse. Will . Mayhew . at . ye . black = A lion rampant.
R. IN . TURNMILL . STREETE = W . M . M . 1664. 1/4
B3255. Obverse. Christoph . Nuttall = A fleur-de-lis.
R. IN . TURNMILL . STREE = C . M . N. 1/4
B3256. Obverse. THO . PALMER . AT . YE = A bell.
R. TURNMILL . STREET = T . I . P. 1/4
B3257. Obverse. John . Planner . at . the = Two brewers carrying a barrel.
R. IN . TURNMILL . STREET = HIS HALFE PENNY.
B3258. Obverse. John . Varney . mealman = A pair of spectacles.
R. IN . TURNMILL . STREETE = I . M . V. 1/4
#1227 THE 3 SUGER LVES IN Three sugar -loaves braced.
Rev. TURNDSTILE IN HOLBORN In the field, R. C. A. 1/4
B3260. Obverse. Richard . Arkell . in . turne = A hand holding a sunflower ; the sun issuing from a cloud.
R. STILE . ALLY . IN . HOLBORNE = HIS HALFE PENNY. R.E.A.
B3261. Obverse. isbell . barrat . at . ye . ok . in . gr t = An oak-tree and I . B.
R. IN . TURN . STILE . IN . HOLBOVRNE = HER HALFE PENNY. 1664.
B3262. Obverse. MARTHA . CHAPMAN . NERE = M . C.
R. TURN . STIL . IN . HOLBORNE = M . C. 1/4
B3263. Obverse. Peter . Lenard . in . great = The Queen’s bust crowned.
R. TURNSTILE . ALLY . IN . HOLBVRN = HIS HALFE PENY. P . M . L.
B3264. Obverse. ROWLAND . STINTON . AT . THE = A turnstile.
R. TURN . STILE . IN . HOLBORNE = HIS HALFE PENNY.
#1228 PETER LENARD IN GREAT King's Head ; Henry VII.
Rev. TURNSTILE ALLY IN HOLBVR HIS HALF PENY. P. M. L.
As ever I am appreciative of the archive.org site and google books for
showing old and non-copyright scripts which can be used for research (copied).