LONDON TRADERS, TAVERN, AND COFFEE-HOUSE TOKENS, CURRENT 1649-1672. :
Index of Tradesmens tokens.
#713 KATRIN PICK Butchers Company arms, in the field.
Rev. IN LEDEN. HALL In the field, K. P.
#714 EDWARD RVGBEY AT THE Angel, in field.
Rev. OVER AGAINST LEADENHALL HIS HALF PENNY. 1668.
Hollar's Map of London, engraved in 1667, and sold by Nathaniel Brooke, marks out the immediate site of old Leadenhall.
#715 HENRY SMITH IN LEA A key ; the golden key?  57.
Rev. DENHALL STREETS H. S., in monogram. 1/4
Keys, in secular heraldry, generally refer to the office held by the bearer, in the service of the crown, and are then distinguished, or ; but the practice of adopting the golden key, as a sign, was in the olden time very frequent, particularly by locksmiths.
#716 YE PEWTER POT IN An ale-house pot, in the field.
Rev. LEADENHALL STREE In the field, I. E. K.
B1646. Obverse. ye . pewter . pot . in = An alehouse pot.
R. LEADENHALL . STREE = I . E . B.
Robert Chicheley, mayor in 1423, enacted that retailers of ale should sell the same in their houses in pots of "peutre," sealed and open ; and that whoever carried ale to the buyer should hold the pot in one hand and a cup in the other; and that all who had pots unsealed should be fined. Sealed implies stamped.
Wine measures were no infrequent emblem set up as a sign. Early engravings by Theodore Galle and others, and the sutlers' booths at camp meetings, as represented by Wouverman and other painters, show that, appendant to a pole, it was, either in conjunction with ivy twined about a hoop, or in the absence of a bush, an usual sign. The pewter-pot is here indicative of an ale-house ; and in commendation of the liquor thus sings a contemporary :
" Oh ! Ale ab alendo ! thou liquor of life,
That I had but a mouth as big as a whale ; "
For mine is too little,
To touch the least tittle,
That belongs to the praise of a pot of good ale."
#717 CORNELIUS CAGE Nag's head, in the field.
Rev. IN LEADENHALL STREET -In the field, C. M. C.
#718 AT THE GROCERS ARMES The Grocers Company arms.
Rev. IN LEADENHALL STREETE In the field, T. B. M. 1/4
#719 AT THE GEORGE IN St. George and Dragon, in field.
Rev. LEADENHALL STREET In the field, I. E. W. 1/4
The figure of St. George, a very popular sign, has frequently been the subject of allusion by poetical pens. In some complimentary lines to the beauty of lady Ch[esterfield ?] by Captain Martin Llewellyn, fearing to approach her, it is said
" Horse and man stick fast and stay,
Like fierce St. George's of the way ;
Rooted like statues, there they stand,
Like trophies of the carver's hand :
Hang forth a bush, and one may swear,
They're but the sign for Traveller ;
He spurres still, but his horse moves down
No more than that stamp'd on half-crown."
Men Miracles, 1656.
#720 JOHN CROWE IN An anchor, in field.
Rev. LEADENHALL STREET In the field, I. A. C. 1/4
The sign of the Golden Anchor is yet extant.
#721 AT THE PYE TAVERN IN A magpie within a hoop.
Rev. LEADENHALL STREETE In the field, M. F. B. 1/4
B1647. Obverse. at . the . Pey . Tavern . in = A magpie within a hoop.
R. LEADEN . HALL . STREETE = M . F . B. 1/4
In old records the sign would be described " The Pie on the Hoop." " Pliny
reputeth Agrippina, wife of Claudius Caesar, had a mavis or blackebird that did
speake very plainly." Buttes's Dyets Dry Dinner, 1599, sign. L 6.
Qu., was this a magpie ?
#722 JOHN KEMPSTER A vase of flowers, in the field.
Rev. LEADENHALL STREET In the field, I. E. K. 1/4
Formerly a symbol of the Annunciation to the Virgin.
The following advertisement, which appeared in the Mercurius Puldicus , No. 9,
February 26—March 5, 1662, p. 141, gives the trade of the issuer of this token—
viz., that of potter, and fixes the position of his house :
“ Stoln March 2. in the night, out of the Stable of Robert Gozvlet, of Sawbridgeworth in the County of Hartford Yeoman, two Carthorses : If any can give notice to Mr .John Kempster Potter in Leaden-hall-street, next to the Kings Arms Inne, they shall be well satisfied for their pains.”
#723 AT YE KINGS HEAD IN In the field, I. I. A.
Rev, LEADENHALL STREET King's head with sceptre. 1/4
B1642. Obverse. the . kings . head . tavern = Head of James I. with cap and
R. IN . LEADDEN . HAL . STREETE = I . I . A. 1/4
“ The conspirators [, for seizing, in 1681, the person of William III. on his way to Richmond to hunt,] met at the ‘Old King’s Head,’ Leadenhall Street—a house noted for this kind of business,—at the ‘Sun Tavern,’ Strand ; ‘Nag’s Head,’ Covent Garden; and the ‘Temple Coffee House,’ Fleet Street [vide No. 1086]. Parkyns [one of the conspirators] took up his quarters at the ‘George,’ in Hobborn ” - Noble’s Memorials of Temple Bar , p. 59.
At this house Sir William Parkyns and other partizans of the Stuarts concocted the scheme, in 1695, when Mary had ceased to live, to assassinate King William the Third, in the lane between Brentford and Turnham green through which the king had to pass.
Sir John Fenwick of Fenwick castle in Northumberland, with others of his party, met here later in consultation for restoring the abdicated King James the Second. Fenwick was beheaded on Tower hill, January 23d, 1697. The sign of the King's Head tavern is now perverted to that of the King's Arms inn.
Among the taverns of notoriety formerly in Leadenhall street, was the Crown tavem, situated behind a house, number 46, more recently known as Nathaniel Bentley's, or " Dirty Dick's," one of whose whimsies was to remove the sign-iron with the sign-board fixed " time out of mind' in front of Bentley's house, but
over the passage leading from Leadenhall street to the Crown tavern. Walsh, the taverner, was plaintiff in a suit against Bentley for this act, and, on the hearing of the cause before Lord Mansfield, at Guildhall, July 18th, 1764, obtained a verdict with damages and costs of suit. In the European Magazine, January, 1801, is an admirably engraved view of Bentley's house in Leadenhall street, showing the entry to the Crown tavern.
#724 GEORGE DANIELL AT THE Lion and lamb, in the field.
Rev. IN LEADEN HALL STREET In the field, HIS OB. and two gloves pendant.
A glove-seller's sign.
#725 THOMAS SCOTT AT THE RED Lion rampant, in field.
Rev. IN LEADENHALL STRET HIS HALF PENY.
The lion rampant that appears distinctly for the first time on the shield of Alexander the Second, king of Scotland, is supposed to have been derived from the device adopted by the earls of Northumberland and Huntingdon, from whom the Scottish kings descended. The accession of King James the Sixth to the English throne, in 1603, introduced the red lion as a sign of frequent occurrence.
#726 JOHN SCOTT AT THE RED Lion rampant, in the field.
Rev. IN LEADENHALL STRET In the field, I. S. S. 1/4
B1685. Obverse. John . Scott . at . the . red = A lion rampant.
R. IN . LEADEN . HALL . STRET = HIS HALF PENY.
#727 JOHN ALDER AT YE PEALE A baker's peel, 1668.
Rev. IN LEADEN . HALL . STREET HIS HALF PENY. I. A. A.
#728 THOMAS SAWYER . 1668 Woman churning, in the field.
Rev. IN LEADENHALL STREET HIS HALF PENY.
Woman and churn, a sign frequently adopted by cheesemongers.
#729 JOSEPH WEBB. FLEXMAN A spinning wheel, and I?
Rev. IN LEADENHALL STREET. 1668 The same.
A flax-dresser's token.
B1643. Obverse. 10 . Amyes . Oyliman . in = Three arrows.
R. LEADENHALL . STREET = I . S . A. 1/4
B1645. Obverse. at . the . gilt . FRiiN . pan = A frying-pan.
R. IN . LEDEN . HALL . STREET = H . M . B. 1/4
B1648. Obverse. John . Barnard . in = A horse’s head bridled.
R. LEADEN . HALL . STREET = I . B. 1/4
B1649. Obverse. John. Bland. 1666 = A horseshoe.
R. IN . LEADEN . HALL . STREET = I . E . B. 1/4
B1650. Obverse. ROBERT . BONNER . AT . THE = A fountain.
R. IN . LEADENHALL . STREET = R . A . B. . 1/2
B1651. Obverse. JONE . BRIMECOME . IN = l6 . 58.
R. LEADENHALL . STREET = I . B. 1/4
B1652. Obverse. John . Brond . grocer = Arms of the Brand family ; two
swords in saltire within a bordure engrailed. Crest on
a helmet; out of a ducal coronet a leopard’s neck and
R. IN . LEADEN . HALL . STREET = AT TWO SUGER LOVES. 1/4
B1653. Obverse. JOHN . BROOKES . AT . THE = A ship.
R. IN . LEADENHALL . STREET = I . A . B. 1/4
B1655. Obverse. John . Carter . in . 1664 = A lion couchantand a lamb.
R. LEADEN . HALL . STREET = HIS HALF PENY.
“ An excellent Electuary and Drink for prevention and cure of the Plague,
composed by Two able Apothecaries and appointed by his Majesties College of
Physicians London, and by their special care exposed at easie rates ; are sold at
.... the Lion and Lamb in Leadenhall-Street; . with directions, the
Electuary at 12 d. the ounce, and the Drink at 2 s - 6 d. the pint.”—The Neiues,
No. 64, August 17, 1665, p. 734.
“ Henry Bishop at the Lion and Lamb against the East-Lndia-house Leadenhall-
street , Apothecary.”—The Intelligencer , No. 72, September 4, 1665, p. S20.
These advertisements fix the position of the house, and appear to show that it
changed hands between the years 1664 and 1665.
B1656. Obverse. ALLICE . CLARKE . AT . THE . BVLLS = A bull’s head.
R. HEAD . IN . LEADENHALL . STREET = HER 1D . 1668. I
“Tis also fit our Traveller should call at the Bull-Head, in Street called Leaden¬
hall ; .... This House is kept by boatswain Thomas Alan.”—A Vademscum for
Maltworms , p. 12.
B1658. Obverse. AT . THE . BULL . HEAD . IN = A bull’s head.
R. LEADEN . HALL . MARKET = A . D . 1657. 1/4
Query, do the letters A.D. stand for Anno Domini, or for the issuer’s initials?
B1660. Obverse. ROB . DAVICE . AT . GOLDEN = A ball.
R. IN . LEADENHALL . STRET = R . D. 1/4
B1661. Obverse. Thomas . East . 1666 = An angel.
R. IN . LEADENHALL . STRET = T . M . E. 1/4
B1662. Obverse. WILL . FOSTER . AGAINST = A bull.
R. LEADENHALL . GATE = W . D . F. 1/4
B1663. Obverse. the . Nags . Head . Tavern = A horse’s head bridled.
R. IN . LEADEN . HALL . STRET = I . K . G. 1/4
‘‘ Michael March , an Officer of the Trained-Bands, in a Company of Sir
Richard Browns, apprehended a woman in the time of the Fire, at the Nags-head
in Leadenliall-street, with an instrument like a dark Lanthorn, made, as is con¬
ceived, to lay a Train of Powder,” etc.— London’s Flames , 1666, p. 4.
B1664. Obverse. Nathaniel . Gardner . at = Device unknown.
R. IN . LEADEN . HALL . STRETE = HIS HALF PENY.
It will be seen from the following advertisement that the device is probably an
unicorn, and that Gardner was an apothecary :
“ An excellent Bolus for the cure of the Gout, found out by Josheph Garret of
Higate . . . ., Practitioner in Physique , and approv’d of in great extremities by
divers Persons of Quality, is to be had at Air. Gardners an Apothecary at the
Unicorn in Leaden-hall Street .”—The Intelligencer , No. 73, September 19, 1664,
p. 603 ; and the Nezaes, No. 76, September 29, 1664, p. 628.
B1665. Obverse. george . grigman . at . the = A boy holding a camel by the rein.
R. IN . LEADENHALL . STREET = HIS HALF PENY.
B1666. Obverse. at . the . dery . mead . in = A woman churning.
R. LEADENHALL . STREET = R . F . H. 1/4
B1667. Obverse. RIC . HANSLOP . AT . YE = R . H.
R. in . leadenhall . str = The royal oak. 1/4
B1668. Obverse. thomas . hill . grocer = Three sugar-loaves suspended.
R. IN . LEADENHALL . STREET = HIS HALF PENY. 1
B1669. Obverse. AT . THE . RAVEN . IN = W . S . I.
R. LEADENHALL . STRET = A raven. J 1/4
B1670. Obverse. near . the . East . India . Hovs = A Turk’s head.
R. IN . LEADENHALL . STREET = JOHNS HALF PENY.
B1672. Obverse. Will . Knowles . in . leaden = Three anchors.
R. HALL . STREET . AG ST . CREDE . CH = HIS HALF PENY. W . M . K.
B1674. Obverse. Tho . North . agin . ye . est . India = A Turk’s head.
R. HOVS . IN . LEDEN . HALL . STREET = HIS PENNY. 1669.
B1675. Obverse. at . the . 7 . stars . in = Seven stars.
R. LEADEN . HALL . STREETE = M . E . O. 1/4
B1676. Obverse. the . Nags . Head . Taverne = A horse’s head bridled.
R. IN . LEADEN . HALL . STRETE = W . A . P. 1/4
B1677. Obverse. ROB . PALMER . AT . WHITE = A bell.
R. IN . LEADENHALL . STREET = R . P. 1/4
B1678. Obverse. Katrin . Pick = The Butchers’ Arms.
R. IN . LEDEN . HALL = K . P.
B1679. Obverse. Hen: Quelch . oylman = A barrel.
R. IN . LEADEN . HALL . STRET = H . I . Q. 1/4
B1680. Obverse. John . Rowland . mealman = The Tallowchandlers’ Arms. I. R.
R. IN . LEADENHALL . STREETE = HIS HALFE PENNY. 1669.
B1681. Obverse. Edward . Rugbey . at . the = An angel holding a crown.
R. OVER . AGAINST . LEADENHAL = HIS HALF PENY. 1668.
B1682. Obverse. at . the . and . 3 . in = A hoop with P . S in the centre.
R. leadenhall . stret = Three tuns. 1/4
B1683. Obverse. AT . THE . PLOVGH . IN = A plough.
R. LEADENHALL . STREETE = R . I . S. 1/4
B1689. Obverse. PHILLIP . STUBB . AT . YE . HOOP = HIS HALF PENY within a hoop.
R. in . leadenhall . street = Bust of a lady in full dress.
B1690. Obverse. at . the . doge . and . duck = A dog with a duck in its mouth.
R. AT . LEADENHALL . GATE = G . A . T. 1/4
B1691. Obverse. the . grave . moryes . in = Bust of Prince Maurice of Nassau.
R. LEADENHALL . STREETE = G . F . T. 1/4
B1692. Obverse. Cristopher . Tillard . m = Bust of James I. with a hat.
R. LEADENHALL . STREETE = C . A . T. 1/4
B1693. Obverse. WILLIAM . VASTON = HIS HALF PENY. W . V.
R. in . leaden . hall . stret = A chandler.
B1694. Obverse. Joseph . Vere = A horse’s head, coupled and bridled.
R. LEADEN . HALL . STREET = I . V. 1/4
B1696. Obverse. the . Princes . Armes . in = The Prince of Wales’s crest.
R. LEADEN . HALL . STREETE = I . S . W. 1/4
B1697. Obverse. the . Grave . Moryes . in = Bust of Prince Maurice of Nassau.
R. LEADEN . HALL . STREET = W . E . W. 1/4
B1698. Obverse. John . Waddington . in = The Royal Arms within the
R. garter and motto. LEADENHALL . STREET = I . I . W. 1/4
B1699. Obverse. GEORGE . WAIT . AT . THE . SIGNE . OF . Y E . EAST . INDIA hovse (in six lines).
R. IN . LEADEN . HAL . STREET . HIS . HALF . PENY = 3 Saltires (in six lines).
B1701. Obverse. John . Wonde . in = A tree.
R. LEADENHALL . STREET = I . E . W. 1/4
B1702. Obverse. AT . THE . GOLDEN . HART . IN = A heart.
R. LEADENHALL . MARKET = A SOPE SHOP. 1/4
B1703. Obverse. THE . BLACK . HORSE . IN = A horse.
R. Leadenhall . streete = A merchant’s mark. 1/4
As ever I am appreciative of the archive.org site and google books for
showing old and non-copyright scripts which can be used for research (copied).