LONDON TRADERS, TAVERN, AND COFFEE-HOUSE TOKENS, CURRENT 1649-1672. :
## Letter Bish - Bishopsgate to Blanch Appleton court
Index of Tradesmens tokens.
Bishopsgate was sold by the commissioners of the city lands, on Wednesday,
December 10th, 1760, for immediate demolition. The house at the corner of
Camomile street has a mitre in the front, with inscription, to mark the site on
which it stood.
#163 THE FLOWER POT WITH In the field, a vase of flowers.
Rev. IN BISHIPSGATE The initials L. M. T., in the field.
Still there, and well known to the citizens of London, as a house of call of many suburban conveyances.
#164 THE SHUGER LOFE IN A sugar- loaf, in the field.
Rev. BISHOPSGATE STREETE In the field, R. S. M.
#165 THO . BLACKBORNE A sugar-loaf, in the field.
Rev. BISHOPSGATE STRE In the field, T. S. B.
#166 THE SUGAR LOFE AT A sugar-loaf, in the field.
Rev BISHOPSGATE . GROCER In the field, F. M. B.
#167 HEN: HORNE CHESEMONGER H. M. H., in the field.
Rev. IN BISHOPSGATE STREET In field, H. M. H.
#168 AT THE SUNN IN The sun in splendour, in the field.
Rev. BISHOPSGATE STREET In the field, W. I. A.
The sun in rays is a device in the Distillers' arms, and doubtless the occasion of its adoption as a tavern sign.
Signs formerly, in addition to the symbol, had frequently an inscription or motto. The Craftsman, September 30th, 1738, asserts that ' l the peculiarities of a nation may be discovered by the choice of their signs ;" and, as an instance of the art and wit in drawing customers to their houses, quotes, among others
' The best drink under the SUN.'
Besides this skill and address in attracting customers, they also show a true judgment of the world, in the following inscription particularly, which is very common
in town and country
1 Drink here, and drown all sorrow,
Pay to day, and trust tomorrow.'
That might be applied to much higher people than poor ale-house tipplers ; and I believe some of the best tradesmen would be obliged to me, if I could inculcate the same maxims into the minds of their premier customers."
#169 AT THE ACORNE IN An acorn, in the field.
Rev. BISHOP-GATE STREETE In the field, I. K. M.
#170 THE SHIP TAVERN IN A ship, in the field.
Rev. BISHOPSGATE STREETE In the field, E. D.
#171 THE STARR TAVERNE IN Star of eight points, in field.
Rev. BISHOPS - GATE STREETE In the field, H. I. B.
The crest to the Innkeepers' arms is a star of eight points.
#172 JOHN WASHBOURN In the field, the initials I. W.
Rev. IN BISHOPSGATE . SALTER In the field, 1661.
#173 EDW: NOURSE HIS FARTHINGE WORTH OF COPPER.
Rev. NEXT THE BVLL IN BISHOP GATE STREET. 1666.
Nourse, by his company, was a girdler, and possibly, having married the daughter of Hugh Wells, citizen and armourer, of St. Michael's, Cornhill, was a wealthy participant, if not the successor to his father-in-law's business in that parish, at the time of the fire in September, 1666; and after that disastrous event issued
this token immediately on reestablishing himself, "next the Bull " in Bishopsgate street*.
Snelling most truly observes of Nourse's token, " an honest farthingworth of copper it was, requiring no promise of repayment, carrying its value along with it, and certainly would have been taken in any part of the kingdom without scruple. " Copper Coinage, p. 30. The pattern farthing of KingCharles the Second, dated 1665, weighs four pennyweights; this of Nourse's, seven pennyweights; while the pattern piece of 1671, and the farthing actually issued in 1672, weigh exactly three and a half pennyweights, half the weight of Nourse's " farthinge worth of copper," specimens of which are among the rarities of traders' tokens.
Whether after the rebuilding on Cornhill he returned to his former domicile in that parish is not known to the writer; but in the north aisle of St. Michael's church is a monumental stone bearing the following inscriptions :
" Near this place lieth interred the bodies of LUKE NOURSE, late of Gloucester, esq. ; who died April the 25th, 1673, aged 89 years.
t And of HUGH WELLS, late of this parish, citizen and armourer of London ; who died February 25th, 1673, aged 84 years.
" And also of EDWARD NOUESE, citizen and girdler of London, son to the said Luke Nourse. He married Mary, one of the daughters of the said Hugh Wells. He died June 12th, 1689, aged 65 years."
#174 HENRY RUSSELL AT THE A horse-shoe, and H. A. R.
Rev. IN BISHOPSGATE STREET HIS HALFE PENY. 1667.
#175 RICHARD DOWDING Ye WHIT A lion rampant, in field.
Rev. BISHOPSGATE STREET HIS HALF PENY. 1670.
* "Next the Bull." What a contiguity ! Unluckily no farthing token is known of the Bull, the inn to which Thomas Hobson, the Cambridge carrier, travelled wearily yet successfully, to and fro, backward and forward, during a long life.
The man from whom is derived the saying " Hobson's choice : that, or none." He let horses to the students, who were compelled to take the horse in tui-n as he stood in the stable ; thus no horse was worked more than another. He amassed considerable property, and died while the plague was raging in London, January 1st, 1636. The poets of the university eternized his memory in verse : Milton wrote two pieces; both are printed among his minor poems. His portrait, engraved by Payne, is one of the graphical rarities of that period ; and Peck, at the end of his Memoirs of Oliver Cromwell, has published the will of this eccentric but benevolent person. He was a considerable benefactor to his native town, Cambridge.
B218. Obverse. at . the . black . heart = A hart lodged.
R. IN . BVSHOPSGAT . STRETC H . A . A. 1/4
B222. Obverse. JOHN . BAKER . AT . YE . FLOWER = A pot of lilies.
R. POTT . IN . BISHOPSGAT . STREET = HIS HALFE PENY.
B223. Obverse. WILL . BENNET . 1657 = W . R . B.
R. bishopsgate . street = King’s bust, full-faced, holding globe and sceptre. 1/4
B225. Obverse. John . Bond . at . the = An angel.
R. WITHIN . BISHOPSGATE = I . M . B. 1/4
B226. Obverse. mary . childe . at = Three horseshoes.
R. WITHIN . BISHOPGATE = M . C. 1/4
B227. Obverse. CHARLS . COLLINS . 1664 = A fox.
R. WITHIN . BISHOPS . GATE = C . A . C. 1/4
B230. Obverse. IN . BISHOPS . GATE . STREET = JOHN . GASE . BAKER.
R. NEARE . LEADEN . HALL . CORNER = I . I . G. 1/4
B231. Obverse. Henry . Gullifer . 1668 = An angel.
R. WITHIN . BISHOPS . GATE = HIS PENNY.
B232. Obverse. THE . SHIP . TAVERNE . IN = A ship.
R. BISHOPSGATE . STREETE = A . S . H. 1/4
B233. Obverse. HARDING . THE . BAKER = G . M . H.
R. WITHIN . BISHOP . GATE = G . M . H. 1/4
The following advertisement, which appeared in the Newes, No. 15, December 10, 1663, p. 119, probably refers to the son of the issuer of this token :
“ ... If any man shall give notice of both [two stolen horses], or either of them ... to Ric. Harding, Baker, within Bishopsgate, he shall be well rewarded for his peyns.”
B234. Obverse. JAMES . HASELL . COOK . AT = A falcon.
R. WITHIN . BISHOPGATE . 1667 = HIS HALF PENY.
B235. Obverse. John . Hearne . 1666 = A lion rampant.
R. IN . BISHOPS . GATE . STREETE = HIS HALF PENY I . M . H.
B236. Obverse. JOHN . HEARNE . IN = I . H.
R. bishopgate . street = A bunch of grapes. 1/4
B238. Obverse. JOHN . IVES . WITH = I . M . I.
R. IN . BISHIPGATE= 1657. 1/4
B239. Obverse. JOHN . JONSON . COOK = A plough. 1659.
R. WITHIN . BISHOPS . GAT = I . I . I . 1/4
B240. A variety in the British Museum is undated.
B241. Obverse. Henry . Jordan . 1666 = A man dipping candles.
R. IN . BISHOPSGATE . STREET = HIS HALF PENY.
B242. Obverse. AT . THE . CRISPIN . AND = BISHOPGATE.
R. CRISPIANUS . 1653 = RICH . LEVET . A. 1/4
The issuer was evidently a shoemaker.—Vide History of Signboards, by Larwood and Hotten, p. 281.
B245. Obverse. Edm . Morris . within . b = A lion rampant.
R. GATE . GOVLDEN . LYON . 57 = E . A . M. 1/4
B246. Obverse. Henry . Napton . in = The Pewterers’ Arms.
R. BISHOPSGATE . STREET = HIS HALF PENY. 1670.
B248. Obverse. Thomas . Peele . in = A raven (?).
R. BISHOPGATE . STREET = T . S . P. 1/4
B249. Obverse. AT . THE . MITER . TAVERN = A mitre.
R. IN . BISHOP . GATE . STREETE = R . M . R. 1/4
B250. Obverse. ROBERT . ROBERTS . IN = A lobster.
R. BISHOPGATE . STREET = R . H . R. 1/4
B252. Obverse. the . tun . and . harros . in = A tun with three arrows in it.
R. BVSHOPES . GATE . STREET = I . H . S. 1/4
B253. Obverse. WALTER. SHALLER . l666 = HIS HALF PENY.
R. within . bishops . gate = A half-moon. 1/2
254. A variety reads :
Obverse. WALTER . SHALTER . AT . YE = HIS HALF PENY.
R. within . bishopsgate = A crescent moon.
B255. Obverse. Joseph . Stephens = An angel standing.
R. WITHIN . BISHOPS . GATE = HIS FARTHING. large
B257. Obverse. O. CHANDLER . WITHIN = T . A . T.
R. BISHOPSGATE . 1658 = T . A . T. 1/4
B258. Obverse. THOMAS . TEMPLE = HIS HALF PENY.
R. at . Bishopsgate = A castle. 1/2
B259. Obverse. within . bishop . gate = Bust of Charles I. crowned.
R. THE . KINGS . HED . TAVERN = G . M . W.
The Kings Head Tavern Bishopsgate within. Initials G M W. And a Bust of Charles I. crowned.
#176 AT THE WHITE HART In the field, a hart couchant.
Rev. IN[N] AT BEDLAM GATE E. E. K., in the field.
Erected, according to the date formerly on the front, in 1480. Stow, in 1598, says, "next unto the parish church of St. Buttolph without Bishopsgate is a fair inn for receipt of travellers." In the European Magazine, for March, 1787, is a view of the front ; and on June 3d and 4th, 1788, the whole of the furniture, plate, linen,
and effects were sold by auction on the premises ; the advertisements described it as "the White Hart tavern, of eminent resort for upwards of three centuries."
In January, 1819, the freehold of the White Hart tavern, the houses in White Hart court, etc., then producing on the old low long-leasehold rents 524Z. per annum, were announced for sale on the 17th ; particulars were to be had of Mr. John Long, Christ's Hospital. The White Hart tavern was rebuilt in 1829, when the entrance into Old Bedlam, formerly called Bedlam-gate, was widened, and the street renamed Liverpool street.
The Mirror, vol. xv., has a wood-cut view of the exterior of the White Hart tavern, showing the alterations subsequent to 1787, for improving the entrance to White Hart court ; taken almost immediately before the demolition in 1829. White Hart court appears to have been built on the old inn yard.
#177 THE HALF MOONE BREW A half-moon, in the field.
Rev. HOVSE . WITHOUT BGATE In the field, G. I. O.
Joan Wood, in 1600, by her last will, gave rentcharges arising from the brewhouse called the Half-moon brewhouse, and a house in Half-moon alley, with other lands and tenements, to St. Botolph's, for charitable uses. Stow's Survey, edit. 1754, vol. i. p. 423.
The half-moon was the representative of a sixpence in the alewife's uncancelled scores, when the wall did penance in chalked hieroglyphics for the sins of the tippler. So in " Master W. H., his song to his wife at Windsor," printed in Captain Llewellyn's Men-miracles, and other Poems, 1656, duod., p. 40, mention is made of " the fat harlot of the tap' who
" Writes at night and at noon,
For tester, half a moon ;
And great round O, for a shilling."
The wood-cut attached to the ballad of " My Wife will be my Master," to the tune of "A tailour is no man," printed in J. P. Collier's BooTce ofRoxburghe Ballads,
1847, 4to, p. 89, is an admirable illustration of such an alewife's score. The phrase <e mind your P's and Q's" is said to have originated in a caution to tipplers who drank freely on credit, to be wary of the pints and quarts, scored against them by the nicked chalk of mine host. But in Rowland's Four Knaves is found this couplet
" Bring in a quart of Maligo [Malaga] right true ;
And look you rogue, that it be pee and kew."
#178 CHRISTOPHER PARR AT A Stag and dove, in the field.
Rev. WITHOUT BISHOPSGATE In the field, C. E. P.
#179 FRANCES DASHWOOD Virginian smoking, in the field.
Rev. WITHOUT BISHOPSGATE In the field, A 1/2D
B282. Obverse. Frances . dashwood = A naked man.
WITHOUT . BISHOPS . GATE = A 1/2 D
Taylor the water poet, in his Admirable Exploits of Nicholas Wood, the Great Eater of Kent, observes, " every one hath particular qualities to themselves, and
dissonant from others, some live by smoake, as tobacconists, knights of the vapour, gentlemen of the whiffe, esquires of the pipe, gallants infumo."
#180 AT THE GRIDE- IRON A gridiron, in the field.
Rev. WITHOUT BISHOPSGATE. In the field, H. M. I.
The gridiron is a prominent charge in the Girdlers Company arms.
#181 THE ROSE AND CROWN A rose crowned, in the field.
Rev. WITHOUT BISHOPSGATE In the field, W. M. I.
The frequency of the rose as a vintner's sign had its origin in the adoption of the red rose of Lancaster, or the white rose of York, by the several adherents of those factions. The marriage of the Lancastrian King Henry the Seventh with Elizabeth of York extinguished the feuds which the rivalry of these royal houses had created; and the Tudor rose, half red, half white, surmounted by the crown, became the royal badge, and as a sign, designated " the rose and crown ;" while the semi-colours became in time unused, their origin and meaning being imperfectly understood.
#182 E. C. AT THE BLEW BOORE A Maltese cross, in field.
Rev. WITHOUT BISHOPSGATE A boar, collar and chain.
The blue boar was the badge of the earls of Oxford. Stow, while noticing the sumptuous cavalcades of the nobility of that period, thus distinguishes John de Vere, lord great chamberlain, and the sixteenth earl, who died in 1562 ; " The late earl of Oxford, father to him that now  liveth, hath been noted within these forty years to have ridden into this city, and so to his house by London stone, with eighty gentlemen, in a livery of Reading tawney, and chains of gold about their necks, before him ; and one hundred tall yeomen, in the like livery, to follow him, without chains, but all having his cognizance of the blue boar embroidered on their left shoulder."
#183 SAMUEL HAMPSON A horse current, in the field.
Rev. WITHOUT BISHOPSGATE In the field, S. A. H.
#184 BATHURST, in the field CONFECTIONER, on the verge.
Rev. BISHOPSGATE WITHOUT Three sugar-loaves.
#185 THOMAS GOSS WITHOUT A hive, in the field.
Rev. BISHOPSGATE . 1652 In the field, T. G.
#186 ROBERT STUDD AT THE A helmet, in the field.
Rev. WITHOUT BISHOPSGATE In the field, R. M. S.
#187 THO: TUCHIN. GROCER Grocers Company arms, in field.
Rev. WITHOUT BISHOPSGAT In the field, T. E. T.
B332. Obverse. THO . TUTCHIN . WITHOUT = HIS HALF PENY.
R. bishoppsgate = A sugar-loaf. 1/2
John Mottley, under the name of Robert Seymour, in his Survey of London; 1734,
vol. i. p. 355, while recording the benefactions inscribed on the second table,
under the gallery, at the north-west corner of the church of St. Botolph
Bishopsgate, notices that " Mr. Deputy Tutchin gave, anno 1659, for the poor,
five pounds per annum for ever." The deputy was no doubt the issuer of the
#188 JOHN TUTHILL Head of King Charles II., in the field.
Rev. WTHOVT BISHOPSGATE In the field, I. E. T.
#189 ARTHUR HALL AT YE SINE OF MY LORD CRAVEN.
Rev. WITHOUT BISHOPSGATE HIS HALF PENY.
William Craven, eldest son of Sir William Craven, lord mayor of London in 1611, created Baron-Craven of Hampsted- Marshall, co. Berks., March 12th, 1626. Married ELIZABETH, QUEEN of BOHEMIA, eldest daughter of King James the First, and widow of the Palsgrave Frederick, subsequently King of Bohemia. Created Earl of Craven, March 15th, 1663 ; he died in 1697.
#190 SAMUEL HUTTON AT YE CITTY OF NORWICH, in exergue.
Rev. WITHOUT BISHOPSGATE HIS HALF PENY.
#191 HENRY JORDON, VITLER A weaver's shuttle, in the field.
Rev. WITHOUT BISHOPSGATE In the field, H. F. I.
#192 THOMAS MIDDLETON T. K. M., in the field.
Rev. WITHOUT BISHOPSGAT In the field, same initials.
#193 DOROTHY OVERTON AT THE Horse, with pack-saddle.
Rev. WITHOUT BISHOPSGATE HER HALFE PENY.
The pack horses represented on several tokens indicated horses being for hire. It is stated that post horses and stages were first established by regulation in July, 1483, soon after the accession of King Richard the Third ; but in the steward's accounts of disbursements for Sir John Howard, subsequently Duke of Norfolk, under the date April 17th, 1467, is " Item, the same day my mastyr paid to the hakeneyman in party of payment of the horse my mastyr hered to ryde to Stoke [by Nayland, co. Suffolk], xxs."
#193* WILL: SMALEY. BAKER A windmill, in the field.
Rev. WITHOUT BISHOPSGATE In the field, W. A. S.
#194 Ralph Butcher .1666 In three lines. Rev. WITHOUT
BISHOPSGATE Lion rampant : above, a stick of candles.
Butcher, prior to the great fire in September, 1666, resided in Tower street, whence he issued a token in 1664. See No. 1173.
Possibly others of this date established their callings here, their dwellings elsewhere having been destroyed.
#195 THOMAS FYDGE . 1666 -In the field, HIS HALF PENY.
Rev. WITHOUT BISHOPSGATE Sugar loaf, in field.
#196 Francis Hardy . Grocer Above the name, the date 1666.
Rev. WITHOUT BISHOPSGATE Grocers Company arms.
#197 WALTER SHOWER . 1666 In the field, HIS HALF PENY.
Rev. WITHOUT BISHOPSGATE A crescent, in the field.
#198 THOMAS ENGLISH . 1667 The Distillers Company arms.
Rev. WITHOUT BISHOPSGATE HIS HALF PENY.
B265. Obverse. Benjamin . Antrobus . at (below, a harrow).
R. At . the . Harrow . Without . Bishopsgate (in five lines). ( Octagonal .) 1/2
B266. Obverse. Georg . Atkines = A sugar-loaf.
R. WITHOUT . BISHOP . GATE = G . A . A. 1/4
267. A variety reads alkines.
B268. Obverse. EDWARD . BAILEY . 1667 = HIS HALFE PENY.
R. without . bishopsgate = A hare courant.
B269. Obverse. John . Banbury . with = The Grocers’ Arms.
R. OUT . BISHOPS . GATE = I . B. 1/4
B270. Obverse. JOHN . BARNARD . AT . THE = A globe.
R. WITHOUT . BISHOPSGATE = HIS HALF PENY.
B272. Obverse. at . the . tun . and . arowes = A tun pierced with three arrows.
R. WITHOUT, bishopsgate = W . B. 1/4
B273. Obverse. John . Becham . in . white . gate = Figure on horseback blowing a horn.
R. ALLEY . WITHOUT . BISHOPSGATE = HIS HALF PENY. I . S . B.
B274. Obverse. Will . Benet . at . ye . white = A hart lodged.
R. WITHOUT . BISHOPS . GATE = HIS HALF PENY.
Here was a lodge of Freemasons in the reign of Queen Anne.— Vide Appendix.
B275. Obverse. Henry . Burgin = A clock-face and hand.
R. WITHOUT . BISHOPSGATE = H . M . B. 1/4
B276. Obverse. Ralph . Butcher . 1666 (in three lines).
R. WITHOUT . bishops . gate = A lion rampant; above, a stick of candles. 1/4
Butcher, prior to the great fire in September, 1666, resided in Tower Street,
whence he issued a token in 1664.
Possibly others of this date established their calling here, their dwellings else¬
where having been destroyed.—[B.]
B278. Obverse. at . the . black . lyon = A lion rampant.
R. WITHOUT . bishop . gate = A stick of candles, G . E . C. 1/4
B279. Obverse. at . ye . red . lyon . with = A lion rampant.
R. OUT . BISHOPSGATE = I . C. 1657. 1/4
The following notice is interesting as giving the name of the issuer :
“A Book of Accounts belonging unto Andrew Woodhouse, lost about a fortnight since. If any one bring tydings thereof . . . to M. Cart at the Red Lyon without Bishopsgate, they shall receive content for their pains .”—Parliamentary Intelligencer , No. 81, July 23-30, 1660.
Is this the tavern mentioned in Turner's Trial , 1663, p. 51?—“That upon Thursday the seventh day of January instant, Col. James Turnery William Turner, White , and the other person whose name they knew not, met at the Red-Lyon in Bishopsgate street near to St. Hellens, about three of the clock in the afternoon, where they dined.”
B280. Obverse. John . Clark . in . red . lion = A cup and cover.
R. COVRT . WITHOUT . BISHOPGAT = HIS HALFE PENY.
Vide preceding ; the “ Cup ” was doubtless adjacent to the “ Lion.”
B281. Obverse. IN . WHIT . GATE . ALLEY = G . E . D.
R. WITHOUT . bishops . gt = Two soldiers, one holding a standard. 1/4
B283. Obverse. Thomas . Dollison . at . ye = A plough ; over it, T . D.
R. WITHOUT . BISHOPSGATE = HIS HALFE PENY. 1667.
B284. Obverse. Peter . Eagles . 1668 = A double-beaded spread eagle.
R. WITHOUT. BISHOPSGATE = HIS HALFE PENY.
B285. Obverse. Thomas . English . 1667= The Distillers’ Arms.
WITHOUT . BISHOPSGATE = HIS HALF PENY.
B286. Obverse. Joseph . Fossey . mealman = A wheatsheaf.
R. WITHOUT. BISHOPSGATE = HIS HALF PENY. 1668.
B287. Obverse. THOMAS . FYDGE . l666 = HIS HALF PENY.
R. without . bishops . gate = A sugar 1oaf. 1/2
B289. Obverse. John . Greene . tallo . ch = A triple crescent.
R. WITHOUT . BISHOPSGATE = I . L . G. 1/4
B290. Obverse. at . the . 3 . liberts . heads = The Weavers’ Arms.
R. WITHOUT . BISHOPSGATE = M . H. 1/4
B291. Obverse. WITHOUT . BISHOPS = S . A . H.
R. Gate . Salter . 1658 = A magpie. 1/4
B292. Obverse. by . the . sun = A full-blown rose, with rays darting from the upper part.
R. WITHOUT . BISHOP . GATE = S . A . H. 1/4
B293. Obverse. AT . THE . WHITE . SWAN = A Swan.
R. WITHOUT . BISHOP . GATE = T . E . H. 1/4
B295. Obverse. John . Hamden . 1664 = Three nuns.
R. WITHOUT . BISHOPSGATE = I . E . H. 1/4
B297. Obverse. 1666 . Francis . Hardy . Grocer (in four lines across the field).
R. WITHOUT . bishopsgate = The Grocers’ Arms. 1/4
B298. Obverse. William . Holbech = Three kings crowned, each holding a sceptre and an orb.
R. WITHOUT . BISHOPSGATE = W . H. 1/4
B303. Obverse. WILLIAM , JORDAN . AT . THE = A Castle.
R. WITHOUT BISHOPSGATE = HIS HALFE PENY.
B304. Obverse. WILLIAM . JORDAN . AT . YE = A Castle.
R. WITHOUT . BISHOPPS . GATE = W . A . I. 1/4
B305. Obverse. JOHN . KENTISH . WITH- = 1657.
R. OUT . BISHOPSGATE . 57 = I. M . K. 1/4
B306. Obverse. JOHN . LAMBE . IN . RED . LION = HIS HALFE PENY.
R. court . WITHOUT . bishopgat = A lion rampant.
B307. Obverse. FRANCIS . MARTYN . WITH = A Crown.
R. OUT . BISHOPS . GATE . 63 = F . M. 1/4
308. A variety reads :
Obverse. FRANCES . MARTYN . WITH = F . M.
R. OUT . BISHOPSGATE — F . M. 1/4
B310. Obverse. George . Nicolls . with = A harrow.
R. OUT . BISHOPS . GATE . 57 = G . A . N. 1/4
B311. Obverse. the . halfe . moone . brew = A crescent moon.
R. HOVS . WITHOUT . B . GATE = G . I . O. 1/4
312. A variety reads house.
Joan Wood, in 1600, by her last, will, gave rentcharges arising from the brewhouse called the Half-moon Brewhouse, and a house in Half-moon Alley, with other lands and tenements, to St. Botolph’s for charitable uses.—Stow’s Survey, edit. 1754, vol. i., p. 423. —[B.]
Half-moon Alley still exists.
B315. Obverse. Andrew . Partridge . wTH = The Tallowchandlers’ Arms.
R. OUT . BISHOPSGATE . 1664 = A . I . P. 1/4
B316. Obverse. Edward . Plowman . at . YE = A horse saddled and bridled.
R. WITHOUT . BISHOPS . GATE = HIS HALF PENY.
B317. Obverse. John . Pullin . half . moon = Two men carrying a barrel.
R. ALLY .WITHOUT . BISHOPGATE = HIS HALFE PENNY. I . S . P. 1/2
Vide Nos. 311 and 312.
B318. Obverse. Hen . Quelch . oyleman . at . YE = A sunflower and a barrel.
R. WITHOUT. BISHOPGATE = HIS HALFE PENEV.
B319. Obverse. at . the . Rainebowe^A rainbow.
R. WITH . OVT . BISHOPGATE = E . G . R. 1/4
B320. Obverse. Robert . Rowles = A woman churning.
R. WITHOUT . BISHOPGATE = R . A . R. 1/4
B321. Obverse. the . govlden . anchor = An anchor.
R. WITHOUT . BISHOP . GATE = B . S . S. 1/4
B322. Obverse. BY . ANGELL . ALLV = E . A . S.
R. WITHOUT . bishop . gate = An angel, holding a scroll. 1/4
B323. Obverse. at . the. Mouth . tavern = A human head, with wide mouth.
R. WITHOUT . BISHOP . GATE = R . K . S. 1/4
“ I intended to have seen the Quakers, who. they say, do meet every Lords day at the Mouth at Bishopsgate; but I could see none stirring, nor was it fit to ask for the place.”—Pepys’ Diary , October 2, 1664.
B324. Obverse. Sam . Sallway . at . ye . black = A raven.
R. RAVEN . WITHOUT . BISHOPGATE = HIS HALF PENY. S . E . S. 1/2
B325. Obverse. O. Henry . Salter . 1667 (in three lines).
R. WITHOUT . bishops . gat = A lion rampant, and a stick of candles. 1/4
B326. Obverse. JOHN . SHELLEY . WITH = HIS HALF PENY.
R. out . bishopsgate . 70 = A horse-soldier and a tobacco roll. 1/2
B327. Obverse. WALTER. SHOWER. l666 = HIS HALF PENY.
R. WITHOUT. BISHOPSGATE = A half-moon.
B328. Obverse. Will . Sillet . in . Dunings . aly = A pair of stag’s horns.
R. WITHOUT . BISHOPSGATE = HIS HALF PENY. W . E . S. 1/2
B330. Obverse. JOHN . Stanton . in . Dunings = A hand pouring coffee.
R. ALLY . WITHOUT . BISHOPGATE = HIS HALFE PENNY. 1668.
B335. Obverse. JOHN . W.... WITHOUT = I . E . W.
R. BISHIPES . GAT . CHANLER = I . E . W. 1/4
B336. Obverse. HENERY . WARREN = A bird.
R. WITHOUT . BISHOPSGATE = H . M . W. 1/4
B337. Obverse. Ben . Washbourne = The Mercers’ Arms.
R. WITHOUT . BISHOPGATE = B . E . W. 1/4
#199 THOMAS WILSON A rose and crown, in the field.
Rev. IN BLACK FRYERS In the field, T. A. W.
In the ballad describing Admiral Dean's Funeral, a royalist banter on the honours rendered the body on its passage by water for interment in King Henry the Seventh's chapel, in June, 1653, it is said
" Queen -hythe, Paul's wharf, and the Fryers also,
Where now the players have little to do,
Let him pass without any tokens of woe,
Which nobody can deny."
#200 WILLIAM CRANWELL Man dipping candles, in the field.
Rev. IN BLACKFRIERS In the field, W. R. C.
#201 YE DARKE ENTRY In the field, the initials R. D. S.
Rev. IN BLACK FRIERS 1659, in the field.
#202 THO : SUTTON AT Y BLACK FRYER A Dominican friar.
Rev. IN BLACKE FRYERS . 1671 In the field, HIS 1D
The Dominican is here represented with cross and rosary, the implements of his calling; and across the field, in script characters, is the denotation of the celebrity of the sign as a Mum House. The acquisition of this piece has ever been a desideratum with collectors; it is engraved in Snelling's Copper Coinage, pi. v. fig. 39.
Mum appears to have been a liquor in considerable demand at this time. " One seeing written on a coffee-house sign, ' Here's Mum to be sold,' said it was a good rhyme. How can that be ? said the other. Why thus, replied the former :
" Here's Mum to be
S, o, l, d."
Complaisant Companion, 16? 4, 8vo, p. 83.
Skinner calls Mum a strong kind of beer, introduced from Brunswick, and derived either from the German mommekn, to mumble, or from mum (sikntii index],
i. e., either drink that will (ut nos dicimus) make a cat speak, or drink that will take away the power of speech. Pope has
"The clamorous crowd is hush'd with mugs of mum,
Till all, tun'd equal, send a general hum."
#203 PAYABLE IN BLACK FRIARS LONDON A Dominican or black friar, with cross in right hand.
Rev. The City arms and motto, DOMINE DIRIGE NOS.
A token of the eighteenth century, beautifully executed.
B338. Obverse. JOHN . Chamberline . canter = A lion rampant crowned, holding a
sword and a bundle of arrows.
R. BURY . COURT . BLACK . FRIERS = HALF PENY. 1670.
B340. Obverse. Thomas . Hooton . 1664 (in three lines across the field).
R. IN . BLACK . FRIERS = T . E . H. 1/4
B340. Obverse. William, Houlder = A gateway.
R. BLACKE . FRYERS . GATE = W . A . H.
B342. Obverse. ... sley . at . the . = A swan.
R. IN . FRIERS = T . C . I.
This may belong to Gray friars or to Whitefriars, q.v.
B343. Obverse. at . y e . Garden . hovs = A building.
R. IN . BLACK . FRIERS = T . D . K. 1/4
B344. Obverse. William . Kidder . 1666 (in three lines across the field).
R. IN . BLACKFRYERS = W . K. 1/4
B345. Obverse. AT . THE . PLOW = A plough.
R. IN . BLACK . FRYERS . 1650 = W . M . N . 1/4
B347. Obverse. CHARLES . SIMKINS = A drum.
R. IN . BLACK . FRIERS . 1657= C . M . S. 1/4
B348. Obverse. Nicolas . Simson . in = A bird, collared, on a wreath.
R. BLACK . FRIERS . 1659 = N . E . S. 1/4
B349. Obverse. Tho. Sytton . at . ye . black . fryer = A Friar standing, holding a crucifix and a rosary; across the field, Mum House.
R. IN . BLACK . FRYERS . 1671 = HIS 1D
The acquisition of this piece has ever been a desideratum with collectors. It is
engraved in Snelling’s Copper Coinage , pi. v., fig. 39.—[B.]
B350. Obverse. JOHN . TUDOR . AT . BLAK = I . E . T.
R. friears . STEARES = An angel. 1/4
B351. Obverse. JOHN . WILDMAN . 69 = I . A . W.
R. IN. BLACK. FRYERS — HIS HALFE PENY.
B353. Obverse. Philip . Yeo . at . the = A golden fleece.
R. IN . BLACK . FRYERS = P . I . Y. 1/4
B354. Obverse. THO . BLUNSUM . AT YE KINGES = HIS HALFE PENY.
R. HEAD . IN . BLACK . HORSE . ALLY = Bust of a king, crowned.
Blackman street extends from St. George's church to the King's-bench prison.
#204 WILLIAM ALLSUP AT YE Object in field, illegible.
Rev. IN BLACKMAN ST.SOUTHWARK HIS HALF PENY.
#205 DANIEL ARNOLD WINE COOPER 166 . ? in four lines.
Rev. NEER ST. GEORGES CHVRCH . HIS HALF PENY.
Octagonal in form. The old parish church of St. George the Martyr, named on the token, appertained by the gift of Thomas Aderne, and Thomas his son, in the year 1122, to the priory of Bermondsey. Impaired by age, it was demolished, and the foundation stone of the present edifice was laid April 23d, 1734.
#206 JOHN EW1NG . ST. GEORGES CHURCH IN SOUTHWARKE .
Rev. An ape seated, smoking a pipe HIS PENNY.
Octangular in form. Tobacco must have become prevalent at a much earlier date than is generally supposed, and its qualities appreciated by different names.
" As for the Middle-sex, or Londoner, I smell his diet. Vescitur aura cetherea.
Here is a pipe of right Trinidado for him. The Yorkers they will bee content with bald Tabacodocko." Henry Buttes's Dyets Dry Dinner, 1599, Epistle Dedicatorie, Aa. rev.
#207 HUGH LEY AT THE WHITE A swan, in the field.
Rev. BY ST. GEORGES CHURCH SOUTHWARK . HIS HALF PENY. Heart-shaped.
#208 ROBERT MAYOW.1667 In the field, a man smoking.
Rev. IN BLACKMAN . STREET HIS HALF PENY.
#209 HENRY POWELL IN Coopers Company arms, in field.
Rev. BLACKMAN STREET In the field, H. S. P.
#210 MICHAELL RAYNER IN Bakers Company arms, in field.
Rev. BLACKMAN STREET . 1667 HIS HALFE PENNY. M. E. R.
B355. Obverse. Robert . East . at . ye . Georg = St. George and the Dragon.
R. AT . BLACKWALL . STAIRES = HIS HALFE PENY.
#211 ROBERT STONIER AT Ye KINGS BENCH IN, in five lines.
Rev. SOUTHWARKE . HIS HALFE PENY . 1669.
The prison of the Court of King's Bench has been situated near the end of Blackman street for ages, of which no distinctive records remain. Prince Hal, afterwards the memorable King Henry the Fifth, was committed, in 1411, to this prison by Judge Gascoigne, for insulting him while on the bench.
Geffray Minshull, writing " from the King's Bench prison in Southwarke," in 1617, characterises it as "a, place that hath more diseases predominant in it than the pest-house in plague-time, and it stinkes more than the lord mayor's dogge-house, or Paris-garden, in August."
The foundation of the present prison was laid August 6th, 1755 ; and the debtors transferred thence, from the old ruinous building, November 7th, 1758.
#212 NEAR THE BENCH In the field, the initials R. A. O.
Rev. IN SOUTHWARK Three sugar-loaves, in the field.
A name derived from the lands or manor of Blanch Appleton. Stow, in his Survaye,
notices a grant of King Edward the First, in 1285, authorizing the enclosure and
shutting up of a lane behind the said Blanch Appleton ; he adds that the manor
belonged to Sir Thomas Boos of Hamelake, knight, and describes it as " standing
at the north-east corner of Mart lane, now corruptly termed Marke lane."
An order of Common Council, October 12th, 1464, ordained " that the basket-makers, gold-wire drawers, and other foreigners, using mysteries within the city, should not henceforth hold shops within the liberty of the city, but at Blanche Appulton, so as they might have sufficient dwelling there."
#213 JOSEPH TAYLOR His | The Coopers Company arms.
Rev. IN BLANCH APPLETON COURT AT THE END OF MARKE LANE.
As ever I am appreciative of the archive.org site and google books for
showing old and non-copyright scripts which can be used for research (copied).